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Beach, Richard – Online Submission, 2011
This paper analyzes the influence of three different learning paradigms for learning literacy--formalist, cognitive-processing, and literacy practices--on the implementation of the Common Core State Standards. It argues that the Common Core State Standards are based largely on a formalist paradigm as evident in the emphasis on teaching text…
Descriptors: Text Structure, Models, State Standards, Educational Change
Sedere, Upali M. – Online Submission, 2010
Stress is simply the body's response to changes that create taxing demands. When one cannot cope with it, these cause distresses. Stress is not always bad. The manageable stress motivates individuals to achieve what he/she wishes to achieve. When one can cope with stress it is called "eustress" which is good. Education in many countries…
Descriptors: Failure, Fear, Anxiety, Stress Management
Reckase, Mark D. – 1996
The American College Testing Program (ACT) is field testing a portfolio assessment model. The field test is designed to determine whether it is possible to implement a portfolio assessment model on a national level that will result in scores that are of sufficient reliability and validity that they can be used for decisions at the student level.…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Cooperation, Field Tests, High Schools
Reckase, Mark D. – 1997
This paper explores what a responsible test developer would do to support the consequential validity of a test early in the development process, and how the consequential validity of the program should be monitored and addressed during the life of the program. To illustrate the issues concretely, the validity of the American College Testing…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, High School Students, High Schools, Higher Education
Reckase, Mark D. – 1997
Portfolio assessment has become a widely cited technique for obtaining a rich demonstration of the skills that students have acquired, and it is often implied that portfolio assessment provides different types of information from that obtained from standardized tests. This paper provides support for the contention that portfolio assessments do…
Descriptors: Cluster Analysis, College Entrance Examinations, Content Analysis, Educational Assessment
Hanson, Bradley A.; Bay, Luz; Loomis, Susan Cooper – 1998
Research studies using booklet classification were implemented by the American College Testing Program to investigate the linkage between the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) Achievement Levels Descriptions and the cutpoints set to represent student performance with respect to the achievement levels. This paper describes the…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Classification, Cutting Scores, Discriminant Analysis
Parshall, Cynthia G.; Kromrey, Jeffrey D.; Chason, Walter M. – 1996
The benefits of item response theory (IRT) will only accrue to a testing program to the extent that model assumptions are met. Obtaining accurate item parameter estimates is a critical first step. However, the sample sizes required for stable parameter estimation are often difficult to obtain in practice, particularly for the more complex models.…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Estimation (Mathematics), Item Response Theory, Models
Kromrey, Jeffrey D.; Parshall, Cynthia G.; Yi, Qing – 1998
The effects of anchor test characteristics in the accuracy and precision of test equating in the "common items, nonequivalent groups design" were studied. The study also considered the effects of nonparallel based and new forms on the equating solution, and it investigated the effects of differential weighting on the success of equating…
Descriptors: Equated Scores, High Schools, Item Response Theory, Monte Carlo Methods
Sawyer, Richard – 1989
This paper considers the problem of validating placement procedures or, more precisely, of determining their educational appropriateness. At issue is determining whether a test score serves the particular educational function it was designed to serve (for example, course placement), and whether it does so in an economical way. These determinations…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, College Freshmen, Decision Making, Grade Prediction
Nandakumar, Ratna; Junker, Brian W. – 1993
In many large-scale educational assessments it is of interest to compare the distribution of latent abilities of different subpopulations, and track these distributions over time to monitor educational progress. B. Junker, together with two colleagues, has developed a simple scheme, based on the proportion correct score, for smoothly approximating…
Descriptors: Ability, Elementary Secondary Education, Estimation (Mathematics), Mathematical Models
Wang, Tianyou; Kolen, Michael J. – 1994
In this paper a quadratic curve equating method for different test forms under a random-group data-collection design is proposed. Procedures for implementing this method and related issues are described and discussed. The quadratic-curve method was evaluated with real test data (from two 30-item subtests for a professional licensure examination…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Data Collection, Equated Scores, Goodness of Fit
Pang, Xiao L.; And Others – 1994
The function of Mantel-Haenszel (MH) and logistic regression (LR) statistics with real data in detecting gender-based differentially functioning items (DIF) was investigated when sample size and criterion variable varied. The data base consisted of the item responses of a population of 183,356 Caucasians to the Math test of the ACT Assessment…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Foreign Countries, Identification, Item Bias
Miller, Sherri K.; And Others – 1988
In the fall of 1986, a pilot study was conducted to investigate the differential performance at the item level of Mexican-American students who spoke English as a second language (ESL) versus White native English speakers. This study was designed to replicate the pilot study and test the hypotheses based on that study. The test materials used were…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, College Entrance Examinations, English, English (Second Language)
Bobbett, Gordon C.; And Others – 1994
This paper presents the latest in a series of studies examining school district report cards for their usefulness planning and implementing school improvement. The 1992-93 Arkansas report cards were studied. These were similar to the report cards from Tennessee that were the subject of the initial study in that they used and reported a…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Achievement Tests, Black Students, College Entrance Examinations