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Greene, Jay P.; McShane, Michael Q. – Phi Delta Kappan, 2018
Over the last two decades, federal and state policy makers have launched a number of ambitious, large-scale education reform initiatives--No Child Left Behind, Race to the Top, the Common Core State Standards, and others--only to see them sputter and fail. In 2017, the authors convened a number of leading scholars to explore why those initiatives…
Descriptors: Educational Change, Failure, Educational Policy, Educational Legislation
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Tutt, Kevin – Arts Education Policy Review, 2018
Solid, well-grounded teachers can be instrumental in solving the problems facing our schools and students because it is successful teachers who are the most valuable, in-school contributors to our students' success. The importance of teacher preparation programs (TPPs) in developing quality teachers has been reinforced by researchers who have…
Descriptors: Theater Arts, Art Education, Teacher Education Programs, Program Evaluation
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Hamlin, Daniel; Peterson, Paul E. – Education Next, 2018
The Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA), passed into law in 2015, explicitly prohibits the federal government from creating incentives to set national standards. The law represents a major departure from recent federal initiatives, such as Race to the Top, which beginning in 2009 encouraged the adoption of uniform content standards and expectations…
Descriptors: Federal Legislation, Educational Legislation, Common Core State Standards, Federal Aid
Henig, Jeffrey R.; Lyon, Melissa Arnold – Policy Analysis for California Education, PACE, 2018
All states value their distinct approaches to policy and to life and the U.S. Constitution embeds the idea of state rights and responsibilities as a core principle in the federal system. California arguably takes this further than most. This paper provides a new way to think about how national policies might complicate or augment the next state…
Descriptors: State Government, Federal Government, States Powers, Government Role
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Aldeman, Chad – Education Next, 2017
When President Obama took office in 2009, his administration quickly seized on teacher evaluations as an important public-policy problem. Today, much of his legacy on K-12 education rests on efforts to revamp evaluations in the hopes of improving teaching across the country, which his administration pursued via a series of incentives for states.…
Descriptors: Teacher Evaluation, Elementary Secondary Education, Academic Achievement, Educational Policy
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Schneller, Peter L. – Bulgarian Comparative Education Society, 2017
The United States democratic system includes characteristics of capitalism as well as socialism. Perhaps the most socialistic endeavor of the US is its K-12 public school system; in fact, US public schools are necessary for democracy to thrive and to create an educated and well-informed populace. However, capitalism and socialism are strange…
Descriptors: Social Systems, Public Education, Democracy, Elementary Secondary Education
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Taylor, Amanda – Peabody Journal of Education, 2017
U.S. educational policymakers and equity advocates often frame the negative ramifications of racial inequality in schools in terms of worries about the nation's future global economic competitiveness. This article draws on frame theory (Snow & Benford, 1988) and education organizing theory (Warren & Mapp, 2011) to argue that educational…
Descriptors: Justice, Equal Education, Race, Theories
Lee, Emma Swift; Ableidinger, Joe – Public School Forum of North Carolina, 2017
For more than 25 years, the Public School Forum of North Carolina has isolated local spending from state and federal spending to examine the capacity and actual effort of counties to support public schools. The annual Local School Finance Study examines not only on the amount that counties spend on schools, but also each county's investment in the…
Descriptors: Educational Finance, State Aid, Federal Aid, Local Government
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Levitt, Roberta – Forum on Public Policy Online, 2017
The enactment of the No Child Left Behind Act (2002) and the subsequent succession of legislative acts have had a profound impact on educational policy. An increased emphasis on teacher accountability and effectiveness led to the use of standardized test results to determine tangible rewards or punishments. In response, a culture of teaching to…
Descriptors: Educational Legislation, Federal Legislation, Common Core State Standards, Educational Policy
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Iatarola, Patrice – Teachers College Record, 2016
This chapter summarizes a set of research studies that focus on high school course offerings, takings, and effects. Improving high school experiences and having students graduate from high school ready for college are national priorities under President Obama's Race to the Top initiative. Doing so by expanding access to advanced courses dates back…
Descriptors: Evidence, Advanced Courses, High Schools, Secondary School Curriculum
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Hunt, Kari; Gurvitch, Rachel; Lund, Jacalyn L. – Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance, 2016
Educational reform in the past decade has placed a very strong emphasis on teacher accountability and student achievement. This change in focus has caused a thorough reexamination of how teacher quality and effectiveness are defined in the field, and has triggered a reform of the teacher evaluation process. As a result, generic, all-encompassing…
Descriptors: Teacher Evaluation, Teacher Effectiveness, Physical Education Teachers, Physical Education
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Au, Wayne – Educational Forum, 2016
The Common Core State Standards (CCSS) and their associated high-stakes testing are key parts of the federal Race to the Top (RTTT) initiative. There has been considerable resistance to both CCSS and related testing, particularly from conservative actors. This resistance suggests that CCSS has caused substantial tension within the conservative…
Descriptors: Middle Class, Federal Regulation, Educational Change, Politics of Education
Brown, Catherine; Partelow, Lisette; Konoske-Graf, Annette – Center for American Progress, 2016
There has been a sea change in teacher evaluation over the past eight years. Inspired in part by President Barack Obama's policies, schools have instituted teacher evaluation systems that include multiple measures of teacher impact. Model systems are aligned to systems of continuous improvement, helping teachers identify areas of weakness in their…
Descriptors: Teacher Evaluation, Case Studies, Teacher Improvement, State Policy
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Levy, Scott; Edelman, Jonah – Education Next, 2016
Over the past few years, students by the thousands have refused to take their state's standardized tests. This "opt-out" phenomenon has prompted debate in state legislatures and in Washington, putting states at risk of losing Title I funds. Advocates describe opt-out as a grassroots movement of parents concerned about overtesting,…
Descriptors: Standardized Tests, Resistance (Psychology), Parent Attitudes, Dissent
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Chalhoub-Deville, Micheline – Language Testing, 2016
Educational policies such as Race to the Top in the USA affirm a central role for testing systems in government-driven reform efforts. Such reform policies are often referred to as the global education reform movement (GERM). Changes observed with the GERM style of testing demand socially engaged validity theories that include consequential…
Descriptors: Educational Change, Educational Policy, Testing, Validity
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