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Black, Susan – American School Board Journal, 2002
Virtual museums focus on a specific curriculum theme and showcase electronic museum-type collections such as artifacts, paintings, photographs, numerous databases, and Web links to resources around the world. Museums of all types include vital teaching tools that help students make discoveries and form connections with the past, present, and…
Descriptors: Educational Resources, Elementary Education, Instructional Innovation, Museums
Black, Susan – American School Board Journal, 2002
In 1997, the National Education Association and the Teacher Union Reform Network urged local union affiliates to adopt a collaborative approach to negotiating with school boards and administrators. Research indicates that the cost of education in union districts is from 8-15 percent higher than in nonunion districts. Effects on student achievement…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Collective Bargaining, Cost Effectiveness, Curriculum Development
Black, Susan – American School Board Journal, 2001
Supporting parental-involvement research findings, Congress in 1995 appropriated $10 million to fund 28 parent information and resource centers in 27 states and Washington, D.C. In 1999, 58 more were funded. Centers communicate personably with parents via newsletters, referral networks, websites, cable TV, and toll-free numbers. (MLH)
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Federal Aid, Federal Programs, Outreach Programs
Black, Susan – American School Board Journal, 2001
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimate that more than 1 million children ages 5 and under are afflicted with unsafe amounts of lead. Schools can be a source of lead poisoning. Other sources include playgrounds near freeways, playground equipment, contaminated soil, and technology rooms with lead-bearing supplies. Sidebars…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Elementary Education, Health Conditions, Health Materials
Black, Susan – American School Board Journal, 2001
Building teacher morale involves more than compliments, plaques, and one-time events. Teacher morale is higher in schools where principals create a positive school culture and climate. Sinking teacher morale generally accompanies sinking student achievement. Time constraints, excessive workloads, and insufficient classroom resources take their…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Administrator Role, Educational Environment, Elementary Secondary Education
Black, Susan – American School Board Journal, 2001
More sets of twins will probably show up in classrooms, since the "twinning rate" has risen from 23 per 1,000 in 1990 to 27 per thousand in 1997. School policies that separate twins from kindergarten on may not be in kids' best interest. Language and environmental factors are discussed. (MLH)
Descriptors: Biology, Elementary Education, Emotional Development, Language Acquisition
Black, Susan – American School Board Journal, 2001
Not all learning activities are worth keeping. For kids to know and understand important curriculum concepts, hands-on activities should also be "minds-on." Backward Design is a three-step curriculum model that helps teachers identify desired results, determine acceptable evidence of student learning, and plan learning experience and…
Descriptors: Active Learning, Curriculum Design, Elementary Secondary Education, Instructional Effectiveness
Black, Susan – American School Board Journal, 2001
Research on the use of induction programs and mentors for new teachers found a decrease in length of the job learning curve and an increase in retention. Characteristics of a strong teacher-induction program are highlighted. (Contains six references and lists three Web sites) (PKP)
Descriptors: Beginning Teacher Induction, Beginning Teachers, Board of Education Policy, Educational Research
Black, Susan – American School Board Journal, 2001
Of all art forms, dance is experienced least and considered low-priority. Art educators and the NAEP's arts education framework view dance as essential for every child's complete development. The National Dance Association has set high standards. Baltimore and South Bronx programs are profiled. (MLH)
Descriptors: Art Education, Attendance, Child Development, Dance
Black, Susan – American School Board Journal, 2001
Teacher use questioning techniques to evaluate students' learning, check class work and homework, review and summarize lessons, and motivate students to pay attention, learn, develop thinking skills, and investigate independently. Teachers often overestimate the value of such questions. Asking thought-provoking questions and waiting for answers…
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Inquiry, Questioning Techniques, Teaching Methods
Black, Susan – American School Board Journal, 2001
School libraries are changing. Since 1988, Library Power, a $40 million program sponsored by the DeWitt Wallace Reader's Digest fund, has helped 700 elementary- and middle-school libraries in 19 communities improve collections, refurbish facilities, develop curriculum, and provide technical training for school personnel. (MLH)
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Flexible Scheduling, Library Collection Development, School Libraries
Black, Susan – American School Board Journal, 2000
The "praise phenomenon" is widespread and deeply woven into daily classroom practice. Effects of praise are long-lasting. Research shows that praise, when overused or used inappropriately, can do considerable damage. Praise should be awarded for effort and persistence, not natural ability. Tips are provided. (MLH)
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Intelligence, Persistence, Praise
Black, Susan – American School Board Journal, 2000
Listed as the nation's leading chronic health condition among children, asthma afflicts 5.3 million youngsters. About 5 to 10 percent of school children have asthma. Asthma management must be aggressive, involving students, teachers, and parents. An individualized treatment plan for each asthmatic student is essential. (MLH)
Descriptors: Asthma, Elementary Secondary Education, Medical Services, School Nurses
Black, Susan – American School Board Journal, 2000
The Policy Forum estimates that only about one-quarter of today's principals (20,000 out of 80,000) possess essential instructional leadership skills. Facing contradictory expectations, principals are often confused about whom to please and how to do their jobs. The Principal's Leadership Institute can help with specific improvement plans. (MLH)
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Expectation, Instructional Leadership, Job Skills
Black, Susan – American School Board Journal, 2000
At the same time their biological systems program them for later sleep and waking times, adolescents' schedules and lifestyles keep them from getting a healthy amount of sleep. Although a few schools have altered their schedules, most are confounded by costs and contractual complications. Minnesota schools are leaders. (MLH)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Adolescents, School Schedules, Secondary Education
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