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Center on Education Policy, 2009
This year the Center on Education Policy (CEP) analyzed data on the achievement of different groups of students in two distinct ways. First, it looked at grade 4 test results to determine whether the performance of various groups improved at three achievement levels--basic and above, proficient and above, and advanced. Second, it looked at gaps…
Descriptors: Federal Legislation, Low Income, American Indians, African American Students
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Holt, Carleton R.; Range, Bret; Pijanowski, John – International Journal of Educational Leadership Preparation, 2009
Literature on retention focuses on both short term and long term outcomes for retained students. Short term outcomes typically include academic achievement, self-esteem issues, and occurrence of behavior problems. Long term outcomes include academic growth and persistence to graduation. Regardless of the focus and intent of the study, research on…
Descriptors: Grade Repetition, Longitudinal Studies, Self Esteem, Academic Persistence
Winters, Marcus; Greene, Jay P.; Ritter, Gary; Marsh, Ryan – National Center on Performance Incentives, 2008
This paper examines evidence from a performance-pay program implemented in five Little Rock, Arkansas elementary schools between 2004 and 2007. Using a differences-in-differences approach, the evidence shows that students whose teachers were eligible for performance pay made substantially larger test score gains in math, reading, and language than…
Descriptors: Elementary Education, Academic Achievement, Scores, Teacher Salaries
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Henning, John E. – Education, 2006
The purpose of this study is to describe how 24 elementary and middle school teacher leaders analyzed standardized achievement test scores, utilizing four different approaches: comparing to the norm, analyzing trends, correlating data, and disaggregating data. The analyses were conducted in order to effect positive change in student learning and…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Educational Change, Teacher Leadership, Achievement Tests
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Schuster, Bernard G. – Foreign Language Annals, 2005
What happens to English academic achievement when valued class time is devoted to a foreign language in the elementary schools (FLES) program? Is there a reduction in achievement as suggested by a time-on-task hypothesis, or is there some form of compensation, as suggested by additive bilingualism? The school district in this study started a FLES…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, School Districts, FLES, Academic Achievement
Easton, John Q.; Rosenkranz, Todd; Bryk, Anthony S. – 2001
This report presents elementary school test trend data for the Chicago Public Schools (CPS), Illinois for 2000 for the Iowa Tests of Basic Skills (ITBS). In spring 2000, ITBS trend data show that mathematics test scores in the CPS elementary schools continue their long-term improvements for all age levels. Positive trends in ITBS reading scores…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Achievement Gains, Educational Trends, Elementary Education
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Lee, Guemin; Dunbar, Stephen B.; Frisbie, David A. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2001
Conceptualized eight different types of measurement models for a test composed of testlets and studied the goodness of fit of those models to data using data from the Iowa Tests of Basic Skills and simulated data. The essentially tau-equivalent model and the congeneric model provided worse model fit than the other measurement models. (SLD)
Descriptors: Goodness of Fit, Measurement Techniques, Models, Scores
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Russell, Michael – Practical Assessment, Research & Evaluation, 2000
Describes two less commonly used methods to summarize changes in test scores: (1) standardized growth estimates; and (2) effect sizes. Combines aspects of these approaches and applies them to the Iowa Test of Basic Skills to demonstrate the usefulness of a third method, termed "Expected Growth Size." Provides a template to calculate…
Descriptors: Change, Effect Size, Estimation (Mathematics), Scores
Sacks, Peter – School Administrator, 2000
For 2 decades, policymakers have pretended that bureaucratic, state-imposed standards, testing, and sanctions will fundamentally raise all schoolchildren's academic achievement and create productive citizens. The losers have been children of the poor, working class, and undereducated. Policymakers are holding schools and children accountable for…
Descriptors: Accountability, Costs, Economically Disadvantaged, Educational Policy
Bryk, Anthony S.; Thum, Yeow Meng; Easton, John Q.; Luppescu, Stuart – 1998
Aspirations for the Chicago School Reform Act of 1988 and more recent accountability efforts for the central office indicate that the Chicago Public School (CPS) system needs a credible system for charting academic improvement. The annual systemwide reports of student test scores are crude and sometimes seriously biased indicators for making…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Accountability, Achievement Gains, Educational Change
Cannell, John Jacob – 1989
American school officials almost invariably compare local and national achievement through one of the following norm-referenced tests: (1) the California Achievement Test; (2) the Stanford Achievement Test; (3) the Metropolitan Achievement Test; (4) the Science Research Associates Test; (5) the Comprehensive Test of Basic Skills; and (6) the Iowa…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Achievement Gains, Achievement Tests, Cheating
Arizona State Dept. of Education, Phoenix. – 1986
April 1986 marked the sixth year of the statewide testing program in reading, language, and mathematics mandated by the Arizona legislature. For 1986, the Arizona State Board of Education adopted three tests to fulfill the legislative mandate: the Iowa Tests of Basic Skills (grades 1 through 8); the Stanford Achievement Test (grade 9); and the…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Achievement Tests, Black Students, Elementary Secondary Education
Arizona State Dept. of Education, Phoenix. – 1987
April 1987 marked the seventh year of the statewide testing program in reading, language, and mathematics mandated by the Arizona State legislature. The Arizona testing program used nationally-standardized norm-referenced achievement tests. The Iowa Tests of Basic Skills (ITBS) were administered to students in grades 1 through 8, the Stanford…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Elementary School Students, Elementary Secondary Education, Grade Equivalent Scores
Arizona State Dept. of Education, Phoenix. – 1988
1988 is the eighth year of the Arizona Pupil Achievement Testing Program which is administered to fulfill the requirements of Arizona Revised Statutes Section 15-741 through Section 15-744. This legislation mandates that a nationally standardized norm-referenced achievement test be administered during April to all pupils enrolled in Arizona public…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Annual Reports, Elementary Secondary Education, Grade Equivalent Scores
Arizona State Dept. of Education, Phoenix. – 1989
For 1989, the ninth year of standardized norm-referenced achievement testing mandated by the Arizona State Legislature, the Arizona State Board of Education adopted the Riverside Basic Skills Assessment Program (RBSAP). According to the RBSAP, the Iowa Tests of Basic Skills are administered to students in grades 1 through 8, and the Tests of…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Elementary Secondary Education, Grade Equivalent Scores, Language Skills
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