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What Works Clearinghouse, 2010
This study examined the effect of closing public schools in Chicago on the academic achievement of students who had attended those schools. The study analyzed data on nearly 3,800 students in 18 elementary schools that were closed between 2001 and 2006 and nearly 4,700 students from 18 comparison schools. Academic achievement in reading and math…
Descriptors: School Closing, Public Schools, Urban Schools, Elementary Schools
Krieg, John M. – Urban Institute (NJ1), 2009
The No Child Left Behind Act imposes sanctions on schools if the fraction of each of five racial groups of students demonstrating proficiency on a high stakes exam falls below a statewide pass rate. This system places pressure on school administrators to redirect educational resources from groups of students most likely to demonstrate proficiency…
Descriptors: Racial Differences, Racial Bias, Sanctions, Federal Legislation
Bryk, Anthony S.; Thum, Yeow Meng; Easton, John Q.; Luppescu, Stuart – 1998
Aspirations for the Chicago School Reform Act of 1988 and more recent accountability efforts for the central office indicate that the Chicago Public School (CPS) system needs a credible system for charting academic improvement. The annual systemwide reports of student test scores are crude and sometimes seriously biased indicators for making…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Accountability, Achievement Gains, Educational Change
Arizona State Dept. of Education, Phoenix. – 1987
April 1987 marked the seventh year of the statewide testing program in reading, language, and mathematics mandated by the Arizona State legislature. The Arizona testing program used nationally-standardized norm-referenced achievement tests. The Iowa Tests of Basic Skills (ITBS) were administered to students in grades 1 through 8, the Stanford…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Elementary School Students, Elementary Secondary Education, Grade Equivalent Scores
Arizona State Dept. of Education, Phoenix. – 1988
1988 is the eighth year of the Arizona Pupil Achievement Testing Program which is administered to fulfill the requirements of Arizona Revised Statutes Section 15-741 through Section 15-744. This legislation mandates that a nationally standardized norm-referenced achievement test be administered during April to all pupils enrolled in Arizona public…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Annual Reports, Elementary Secondary Education, Grade Equivalent Scores
Arizona State Dept. of Education, Phoenix. – 1989
For 1989, the ninth year of standardized norm-referenced achievement testing mandated by the Arizona State Legislature, the Arizona State Board of Education adopted the Riverside Basic Skills Assessment Program (RBSAP). According to the RBSAP, the Iowa Tests of Basic Skills are administered to students in grades 1 through 8, and the Tests of…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Elementary Secondary Education, Grade Equivalent Scores, Language Skills