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Bryk, Anthony S.; Thum, Yeow Meng; Easton, John Q.; Luppescu, Stuart – 1998
Aspirations for the Chicago School Reform Act of 1988 and more recent accountability efforts for the central office indicate that the Chicago Public School (CPS) system needs a credible system for charting academic improvement. The annual systemwide reports of student test scores are crude and sometimes seriously biased indicators for making…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Accountability, Achievement Gains, Educational Change
Austin Independent School District, TX. – 1982
Designed for parents of kindergarten and elementary school children in Austin, Texas, this brochure explains the structure and function of the Iowa Tests of Basic Skills. A question and answer format is used to provide information on the scope and purposes of the tests, grade level differences in testing, meaning and accuracy of the scores, and…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Basic Skills, Educational Testing, Elementary Education
Drahozal, Edward C. – 1986
This paper argues that the standard "When it is expected that a test will be used to make norm-referenced assessments of groups rather than individuals, normative data based on appropriate group statistics should be provided," which was considered secondary in the 1985 "Standards for Educational and Psychological Testing" and…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Elementary Education, Elementary Secondary Education, Grade Point Average
Drahozal, Edward C. – 1988
The purposes of this study were to compare student, school, and group average distributions of two standardized tests, the Iowa Tests of Basic Skills (ITBS) and Stanford 7 Plus Achievement Test, and examine the American College Testing Programs college entrance examinations (Grades 11-12). In addition to the student-school norm comparisons, ratios…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, College Entrance Examinations, Educational Planning, Elementary Education