ERIC Number: EJ733890
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005-Jun
Individual Behavioral Profiles and Predictors of Treatment Effectiveness for Children With Autism
Sherer, Michelle R.; Schreibman, Laura
Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, v73 n3 p525-538 Jun 2005
Differential responsiveness to intervention programs suggests the inadequacy of a single treatment approach for all children with autism. One method for reducing outcome variability is to identify participant characteristics associated with different outcomes for a specific intervention. In this investigation, an analysis of archival data yielded 2 distinct behavioral profiles for responders and nonresponders to a widely used behavioral intervention, pivotal response training (PRT). In a prospective study, these profiles were used to select 6 children (3 predicted responders and 3 predicted nonresponders) who received PRT. Children with pretreatment responder profiles evidenced positive changes on a range of outcome variables. Children with pretreatment nonresponder profiles did not exhibit improvements. These results offer promise for the development of individualized treatment protocols for children with autism.
Descriptors: Predictor Variables, Profiles, Child Behavior, Individual Differences, Children, Autism, Outcomes of Treatment, Intervention
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street, NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5540; Fax: 202-336-5549; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.apa.org/journals.
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
What Works Clearinghouse Reviewed: Meets Evidence Standards without Reservations
WWC Study Page: https://ies.ed.gov/ncee/wwc/Study/208