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Zhao, Manqian; Lapuk, Karen – Mathematics Teacher, 2019
According to the National Center for Education Statistics (2016), the number of public school students in the United States who were English learners (ELs) was estimated at 4.5 million. However, in 2005, the national standardized testing scores (Fry 2007) show that about 51 percent of eighth-grade EL students were behind other students in reading…
Descriptors: Mathematics Education, Mathematics Instruction, English Language Learners, Mathematics Teachers