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Davis, Sally M.; Sanders, Sarah G.; FitzGerald, Courtney A.; Keane, Patricia C.; Canaca, Glenda F.; Volker-Rector, Renee – Journal of School Health, 2013
Background: Obesity is a major concern among American Indians and Hispanics. The Child Health Initiative for Lifelong Eating and Exercise (CHILE) is an evidence-based intervention to prevent obesity in children enrolled in 16 Head Start (HS) Centers in rural communities. The design and implementation of CHILE are described. Methods: CHILE uses a…
Descriptors: Early Intervention, Health Promotion, Child Health, Obesity
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Seitz, Christopher M.; Wyrick, David L.; Caldwell, Rebecca; Fearnow-Kenney, Melodie; Orsini, Mushin Michael – Journal of School Health, 2011
One method in which health professionals can influence adolescent substance use is by correcting social norms. According to the social norms theory, individuals often erroneously believe that the majority of people engage in unhealthy behaviors, a misperception that may motivate individuals to increase their own unhealthy behaviors. The social…
Descriptors: Prevention, Health Personnel, Adolescents, Teaching Methods
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Hasken, Julie; Kresl, Laura; Nydegger, Teresa; Temme, Megan – Journal of School Health, 2010
Background: Diabulimia, the omission or reduction of insulin use by persons with type 1 diabetes, is a harmful method of weight control. The purpose of this article is to present school health personnel with the information they may need to become more aware of the possibility of diabulimia in their students--especially females--with type 1…
Descriptors: Counseling Services, Comprehensive School Health Education, Prevention, Health Personnel
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Crowder, Sharron J. – Journal of School Health, 2010
Asthma, a major health problem, is the most common chronic illness of school-aged children and adolescents, with an estimated 6.8 million students affected in the United States. Asthma is the leading cause of school absenteeism, with an estimated 14 million lost school days per year. In August 2007, the National Asthma Education and Prevention…
Descriptors: Prevention, School Nurses, Chronic Illness, Nursing
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Fleming, Robin – Journal of School Health, 2009
President Barack Obama is wasting no time in unfolding his plan to provide health coverage for all Americans. He started in February by signing legislation to reinstate the State Children's Health Insurance Program, which expands eligibility criteria to provide 4 million more children access to health care. This first step is one of many needed to…
Descriptors: Access to Health Care, Social Action, Health Insurance, School Nurses
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Vamos, Cheryl A.; McDermott, Robert J.; Daley, Ellen M. – Journal of School Health, 2008
Background: Human papillomavirus (HPV), the virus responsible for cervical cancer, is the most common viral sexually transmitted infection in the United States. A vaccine was approved in 2006 that is effective in preventing the types of HPV responsible for 70% of cervical cancers and 90% of genital warts. Proposals for routine and mandatory HPV…
Descriptors: School Health Services, Females, Sexuality, Immunization Programs
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Garzon, Laurel S.; Ewald, Rebecca E.; Rutledge, Carolyn M.; Meadows, Teresa – Journal of School Health, 2006
An alarming trend in the United States is the use of performance-enhancing supplements by children and adolescents. These widely available over-the-counter products, often marketed as natural substances, are not regulated by the Food and Drug Administration and are thus widely available. High school and even middle school students are using these…
Descriptors: School Nurses, Prevention, Drug Use, Children
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Urrutia-Rojas, Ximena; Menchaca, John – Journal of School Health, 2006
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1 in 3 children born in 2000 in the United States will become diabetic. The odds are higher for African American and Hispanic children as nearly 50% of them will develop diabetes. Random screening is not effective in identifying children at risk for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM);…
Descriptors: Grade 5, Prevention, Incidence, Disease Control
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Smith, Suzanne M. – Journal of School Health, 2005
The American diet has undergone substantial changes, a fact that has negatively impacted the dental health of children. Primary prevention is the ideal method to address the current increased incidence of tooth decay. Educating kids, and their parents, about the qualities of snacks as well as the role of frequency of snacking could help to reduce…
Descriptors: Health Education, Prevention, Dentistry, Eating Habits
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Yoo, Seunghyun; Johnson, Carolyn C.; Rice, Janet; Manuel, Powlin – Journal of School Health, 2004
Abstinence-only programs for preventing teen pregnancy are the only options in some states but are the programs of choice in others. Effectiveness data, however, are lacking. The SOS Adolescent Family Life Program (SOS), an abstinence-only teen pregnancy prevention program, was implemented in south central Louisiana. Peer mentoring with an…
Descriptors: Prevention, Educational Change, Sexuality, Mentors
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McCaul, Kevin D.; And Others – Journal of School Health, 1982
A study was conducted to determine variables which would predict smoking among 297 seventh graders and to test the validity of the variables in a followup one year later. The most valid predictors were number of friends and siblings who smoked and the intention to smoke in the future. (PP)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Drug Abuse, Family Influence, Grade 7
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Price, James H. – Journal of School Health, 1981
A curriculum designed to promote fire prevention and safety methods for both parents and teachers is described. Ways to help prevent fires are listed and sample curriculum objectives are given. (JN)
Descriptors: Accidents, Curriculum Development, Elementary Secondary Education, Fire Protection
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Germer, Polly; Price, James H. – Journal of School Health, 1981
The success of a health fair as a source of health education and promoter of healthful behaviors depends to a great extent on the organizational expertise of the sponsor. In order to organize a successful health fair, objectives, target population, location, time, financing, and publicity must be considered. (JN)
Descriptors: Decision Making Skills, Demonstration Programs, Evaluation Methods, Exhibits
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Cohen, Ellen J.; Cohen, Carl I. – Journal of School Health, 1981
Educators have begun to recognize that the public school system is an ideal setting in which to introduce the topic of birth defects prevention. A highly structured two week curriculum was developed using March of Dimes materials to teach inner-city school children about birth defects prevention. (JN)
Descriptors: Congenital Impairments, Curriculum Development, Health Education, Pregnancy
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Petsonk, Carol A.; McAlister, Alfred L. – Journal of School Health, 1979
The use of peer guidance to prevent misuse of the drug phencyclidine is suggested. (LH)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Behavior Patterns, Drug Abuse, Drug Education
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