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Deming, John C.; O'Donnell, Jacqueline R.; Malone, Christopher J. – Science Educator, 2012
Prior research suggests that students' understanding of scientific concepts is pre-determined by their reasoning ability. Other efforts suggest that American students' scientific literacy is in decline. One difficulty Bybee (2009) acknowledges is that there are two divergent philosophical models of scientific literacy. The first describes the…
Descriptors: Thinking Skills, Scientific Concepts, National Norms, Scientific Literacy
Center on Education Policy, 2010
This paper provides information about Minnesota's Graduation Required Assessments for Diploma (GRAD), comprehensive proficiency assessments of the skills and knowledge in mathematics, reading, and writing that are necessary for graduation. The Minnesota Comprehensive Assessments, Series II, into which the GRAD tests are embedded, measure…
Descriptors: High Schools, Graduation, High School Graduates, Exit Examinations
Center on Education Policy, 2009
This general achievement trends profile includes information that the Center on Education Policy (CEP) and the Human Resources Research Organization (HumRRO) obtained from states from fall 2008 through April 2009. Included herein are: (1) Bullet points summarizing key findings about achievement trends in that state at three performance…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Achievement Gains, Achievement Tests, Educational Legislation
Minnesota Univ., Minneapolis. Coll. of Education and Human Development. – 2000
The Office of Educational Accountability has compiled and analyzed indicators of progress in developing a statewide accountability system in Minnesota. This report focuses on the state as a whole, not on specific schools or districts. Chapter 1 is an introduction to Minnesota's accountability history and current concerns. Chapter 2 examines…
Descriptors: Accountability, Elementary Secondary Education, School Statistics, State Standards