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Geier, Brett A. – NASSP Bulletin, 2017
In the world of public school finance, fewer resources are being allocated to curricular activities, let alone cocurricular activities. To help ameliorate budgets for clubs, athletic teams, and other groups, students with the guidance of school officials conduct fundraisers. Many of these fundraisers were once perceived as innocuous with…
Descriptors: Public Schools, Educational Finance, Barriers, Fund Raising
Office for Civil Rights, US Department of Education, 2015
Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 (Title IX) prohibits discrimination based on sex in education programs and activities in federally funded schools at all levels. If any part of a school district or college receives any Federal funds for any purpose, all of the operations of the district or college are covered by Title IX. The essence…
Descriptors: Educational Legislation, Federal Legislation, Gender Discrimination, Sex Fairness
Whitmer, Regina – District Administration, 2013
The glory days of high school sports are no longer reserved for dream team athletes, as athletic directors are increasingly opening up sports to all students, regardless of ability, and seeing winning results on the field and off. This push is reflected in the most recent National Federation of State High School Associations (NFHS) survey, which…
Descriptors: Disabilities, Athletics, High School Students, National Surveys
Washington, James – Diverse: Issues in Higher Education, 2012
Sports have become an integral part of the developmental experience of many of today's youth. Since the implementation of Title IX, more young girls and women have begun to play sports and see those sports as a possible career path. Tennis, basketball and soccer all have professional sports leagues for women, and many more sports offer women the…
Descriptors: Females, Injuries, Athletes, Sports Medicine
Toporek, Bryan – Education Week, 2012
On June 23, 1972, President Richard M. Nixon signed into law Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, which prohibits gender discrimination in any federally financed education program or activity. Title IX is far-reaching, but the law is most often associated with school and college athletics. Title IX allows schools to prove their athletic…
Descriptors: Females, Gender Discrimination, Athletics, High Schools
US Department of Justice, 2012
Passed by Congress on June 23, 1972, Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 bars sex discrimination in education programs and activities offered by entities receiving federal financial assistance. In the 40 years since its enactment, Title IX has improved access to educational opportunities for millions of students, helping to ensure that no…
Descriptors: Educational Legislation, Federal Legislation, Gender Discrimination, Sex Fairness
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Essex, Nathan L. – ERS Spectrum, 2005
In a stunning 5-4 decision, the U.S. Supreme Court has held that teachers and coaches who suffer reprisals for raising complaints regarding illegal sex discrimination against their students can sue their school districts for damages. This ruling is unprecedented with respect to Title IX enforcement and will likely alter how school officials handle…
Descriptors: Court Litigation, Gender Discrimination, School Districts, Federal Courts
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Riordan, Cornelius – Sociology of Education, 2003
Discusses effects of Title IX. Argues that, at this point in time, females possess a significant advantage, on average, on most central indicators of educational outcomes. Addresses other factors such as sexual harassment and failure of educational outcomes to transfer immediately to changes beyond the classroom. (CAJ)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Athletics, Blacks, Cognitive Structures
Suggs, Welch – Chronicle of Higher Education, 2001
Explores how, in the tremendous expansion of women's sports under Title IX, a variety of factors have combined to make white athletes the primary beneficiaries. (EV)
Descriptors: Athletes, Athletics, Females, Higher Education
Giese, Elizabeth H. – 1980
Based on reports generated by the Michigan office of the Project on Equal Education Rights (PEER), this report documents how schools in Michigan perpetuate sex bias/discrimination, and describes what is being done to encourage sex equity. The report also examines the extent of school compliance with Title IX (Education Amendments of 1972), which…
Descriptors: Access to Education, Athletics, Community Involvement, Elementary Secondary Education
National Public Radio, Washington, DC. – 1977
This booklet is a transcription of a program from the radio series, "Options in Education." It is part 2 of a two-part series dealing with sexism in education. It deals with sex discrimination in various aspects of public education, including textbooks, teacher promotion, sports programs and children's literature. There is also a…
Descriptors: Athletics, Bias, Childrens Literature, Educational Radio
Dunkle, Margaret C. – 1976
This document examines equal opportunity for women in athletic programs--one of the most closely scrutinized and least understood issues of Title IX. Areas considered are: (1) basic provisions of Title IX; (2) the self-evaluation requirement; (3) grievance procedures; (4) the "adjustment period"; (5) overall equal athletic opportunity;…
Descriptors: Athletic Coaches, Athletics, Educational Legislation, Federal Legislation
Association of American Colleges, Washington, DC. Project on the Status and Education of Women. – 1979
In this paper, the proposed policy interpretation regarding Title IX and intercollegiate athletics and a review of the issues as viewed by women's groups are summarized. The basic concept underlying the draft policy is that an institution will be presumed to be in compliance with the Title IX athletic regulations if it can demonstrate that it (1)…
Descriptors: Athletics, Educational Legislation, Educational Policy, Equal Education
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Greller, Martin M.; And Others – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 1995
The development of a survey to assess women's sports interests at the University of Wyoming is described as an approach universities may use to respond to Title IX inquiries from the Office of Civil Rights regarding women's sports equity. Survey results can help assess student needs and interests. (SLD)
Descriptors: Athletics, Attitude Measures, Civil Rights, College Students
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Lindley, Jesse B. – 1976
Under Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, institutions affected must engage in appraisal and evaluation of current policies, practices, and procedures to determine possible discriminatory effects in five areas--athletics, counseling, curriculum and physical education, employment, and extracurricular activities. This report contains the…
Descriptors: Affirmative Action, Athletics, Counseling, Curriculum
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