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Stephan, Michelle; Smith, Jennifer – Mathematics Teaching in the Middle School, 2019
Engaging in argumentation can lead to an increase in the development of critical-thinking skills, not to mention academic achievement, emotional maturity, and academic and communication skills. If argumentation is such an effective format for developing rigorous academic ideas, how might it be used in discussion-oriented classrooms to engage…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Mathematics Teachers, Middle School Teachers, Middle School Mathematics
Stephan, Michelle – Educational Leadership, 2016
Although most tasks that STEM professionals engage in--like identifying problems, making models, and testing those models--involve inquiry, many STEM classes still rely on direct instruction. Stephan argues that even as new resources for active learning are being developed for STEM instruction, many teachers aren't using these resources and tasks…
Descriptors: STEM Education, Inquiry, Problem Solving, Active Learning
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Stephan, Michelle; Smith, Jennifer – Journal of the American Academy of Special Education Professionals, 2012
The widespread adoption of the Common Core State Standards (2010) has caused mathematics and special educators to reconsider instructional methods. The Common Core introduces eight Standards for Mathematical Practice that outlines the dispositions that should be fostered in students. Most notable are those that push students to analyze problems,…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Common Core State Standards, Special Education, Disabilities