ERIC Number: EJ1213937
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2019-May
Abstractor: As Provided
Can Off-Task Be On-Track?
Gargroetzi, Emma C.; Chavez, Rosa D.; Munson, Jen; Langer-Osuna, Jennifer M.; Lange, Kimiko E.
Phi Delta Kappan, v100 n8 p62-66 May 2019
Collaborative learning requires a lot of talk. Although not all student talk may be related to the task at hand, some off-task talk is actually productive, as it enables students to negotiate how they will work together, gain attention of fellow group members, and draw others into joining the work. Emma C. Gargroetzi, Rosa D. Chavez, Jen Munson, Jennifer M. Langer-Osuna, and Kimiko E. Lange observed 4th-grade students working in groups on math exercises and saw multiple seemingly off-task conversations that, in fact, ended up bringing the group together. For example, students who were excluded used off-task talk to get others in the group to pay attention to them. Groups also used off-task talk to ensure that everyone in the group had a role in the solution. The authors offer guidelines for determining when to intervene when students engage in off-task talk.
Descriptors: Attention, Time on Task, Interpersonal Communication, Grade 4, Elementary School Students, Problem Solving, Mathematics Activities, Student Role, Group Dynamics
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 4; Intermediate Grades
Authoring Institution: N/A