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Edelen, Daniel; Bush, Sarah B.; Nickels, Megan – Science and Children, 2019

Because students have often been conditioned as passive learners and receivers of knowledge, it can be difficult for them to persevere in solving authentic problems. Nevertheless, teachers must persist in preparing students as problem solvers and critical thinkers. In an urban inner-city neighborhood school in the southeast, students embarked on a…

Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Elementary School Science, Grade 3, Grade 4

Vondrová, Nada; Novotná, Jarmila; Havlícková, Radka – ZDM: The International Journal on Mathematics Education, 2019

Research has shown that word problem difficulty is influenced by various linguistic, numerical and general variables, but results in this area are inconsistent. This paper focuses on the question of how the order of numerical data, the context, the position of the unknown transformation, and the length of the statement in an additive word problem,…

Descriptors: Word Problems (Mathematics), Elementary School Students, Grade 4, Grade 5

Gargroetzi, Emma C.; Chavez, Rosa D.; Munson, Jen; Langer-Osuna, Jennifer M.; Lange, Kimiko E. – Phi Delta Kappan, 2019

Collaborative learning requires a lot of talk. Although not all student talk may be related to the task at hand, some off-task talk is actually productive, as it enables students to negotiate how they will work together, gain attention of fellow group members, and draw others into joining the work. Emma C. Gargroetzi, Rosa D. Chavez, Jen Munson,…

Descriptors: Attention, Time on Task, Interpersonal Communication, Grade 4

Thomas, Debra Kelly; Milenkovic, Lisa; Marousky, Annamargareth – Science and Children, 2019

Computer science (CS) and computational thinking (a problem-solving process used by computer scientists) teach students design, logical reasoning, and problem solving--skills that are valuable in life and in any career. Computational thinking (CT) concepts such as decomposition teach students how to break down and tackle a large complex problem.…

Descriptors: Computation, Thinking Skills, Computer Simulation, Computer Science Education

Hodges, Thomas E.; Johnson, Malisa; Roy, George J. – Teaching Children Mathematics, 2017

Children's intuitive understandings of mathematical ideas--both correct, generalizable strategies alongside misconceptions--showcase the complexity of their thinking. However, recognizing children as complex thinkers is one thing but it is another thing altogether to leverage their ideas to plan for and carry out mathematics instruction. The…

Descriptors: Grade 4, Elementary School Students, Elementary School Mathematics, Mathematics Instruction

Earnest, Darrell; Radtke, Susan; Scott, Siri – Teaching Children Mathematics, 2017

In this article, the authors first present the Hands Together! task. The mathematics in this problem concerns the relationship of hour and minute durations as reflected in the oft-overlooked proportional movements of the two hands of an analog clock. The authors go on to discuss the importance of problem solving in general. They then consider…

Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Elementary School Mathematics, Grade 4, Time

Flynn, Mike – Educational Leadership, 2017

In some math classrooms, students are taught to follow and memorize procedures to arrive at the correct solution to problems. In this article, author Mike Flynn suggests a way to move beyond answer-getting to true problem solving. He describes an instructional approach called three-act tasks in which students solve an engaging math problem in…

Descriptors: Mathematics Education, Problem Solving, Mathematics Instruction, Teaching Methods

McCormick, Kelly K.; Essex, N. Kathryn – Teaching Children Mathematics, 2017

This article reports on a study in which researchers asked children to "make up as story and a picture about marbles for this number sentence: 3 x 5 = 15." Students in this study came from pre - dominantly low- to average-income families living in three distinct geographical areas within the United States. A similar division task was…

Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Multiplication, Arithmetic, Elementary School Students

Walker, Caryn; Ethington, Roberta L.; Stark, Alyssa Y. – Science and Children, 2016

Everyone has problems, from the smallest ant competing for a food source to the largest elephant needing to cool down. Fortunately, organisms have structures that function to help them solve these problems. So when a group of fourth-grade students look for solutions to their problems, who do they turn to? A biological champion, of course! Plants…

Descriptors: Grade 4, Plants (Botany), Animals, Science Instruction

Brendefur, Jonathan L.; Strother, Sam; Rich, Kelli; Appleton, Sarah – Teaching Children Mathematics, 2016

Teachers use the word assessment to describe any method of gathering information about student learning. Whether it be formative assessment (intended to guide instructional decisions) or summative assessment (a reflection on the entirety of student learning from prior instruction), teachers are constantly working to identify what their students…

Descriptors: Mathematics Education, Mathematics Instruction, Mathematics Achievement, Mathematics Tests

Lee, Tammy; Kier, Meredith; Phillips, Kelsey – Science and Children, 2016

To show students how engineering design practices reduce the impacts of a natural hazard, the authors--two science educators and an elementary teacher--taught a three-day 5E lesson that focused on hurricanes. They specifically focused on hurricanes because their students are located near a coastal area and are familiar with the effects of this…

Descriptors: Science Instruction, Elementary School Science, Weather, Natural Disasters

Covington, Savannah – Teaching Children Mathematics, 2016

Is anything more refreshing than going for a nice, long swim? The math scenarios presented in this article will take the reader back to hot summer days and remind the reader what a cool dip in the water feels like. Solving these problems is enjoyable and encourages the solver to think of the many ways that math is all around--even in the middle of…

Descriptors: Elementary School Mathematics, Mathematics Instruction, Lesson Plans, Mathematics Activities

Kulkin, Margaret – Afterschool Matters, 2016

Afterschool teachers who tutor students or provide homework help have a unique opportunity to help students overcome the social or emotional barriers that so often block learning. They can embrace a creative and investigative approach to math learning. Margaret Kulkin's interest in being a math attitude "myth-buster" led her to apply to…

Descriptors: Mathematics Anxiety, Mathematics Education, Mathematics Instruction, After School Education

Bleiler, Sarah K.; Baxter, Wesley A.; Stephens, D. Christopher; Barlow, Angela T. – Teaching Children Mathematics, 2015

Teachers who participated in a recent summer institute focused on implementing the Common Core State Standards for Mathematics (CCSSM). Throughout the summer institute, teachers had many in-depth discussions about the meanings they attributed to the Standards for Mathematical Practice (SMPs). In this article, the authors share some of the…

Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Academic Standards, Summer Programs, State Standards

Drake, Corey; Land, Tonia J.; Bartell, Tonya Gau; Aguirre, Julia M.; Foote, Mary Q.; McDuffie, Amy Roth; Turner, Erin E. – Teaching Children Mathematics, 2015

Many teachers experience the tension between using published curriculum materials and teaching in ways that are responsive to children. Teachers are often expected to use a particular mathematics curriculum series, but they still want to be able to build on and connect to children's multiple mathematical knowledge bases (MMKB).…

Descriptors: Mathematics Curriculum, Mathematics Instruction, Relevance (Education), Problem Solving