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Harris, Karen R.; Graham, Steve; Aitken, A. Angelique; Barkel, Ashley; Houston, Julia; Ray, Amber – TEACHING Exceptional Children, 2017
Students with disabilities often find writing extremely challenging (Harris & Graham, 2016). Special educators can, however, promote tremendous gains in students' ability to write by understanding common challenges students face and mastering specific teaching techniques. Students' writing success depends on reducing how much attention and…
Descriptors: Disabilities, Reading Instruction, Writing Instruction, Spelling
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Graham, Steve; Hall, Tracey E. – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2016
In today's world, writing is an essential skill. At school, writing is often used to gauge students' understanding of content material as well as to promote the learning of it. Students with learning disabilities (LD) and those at risk for writing difficulties experience considerable difficulty with almost every aspect of writing. The field of LD…
Descriptors: Writing Skills, Writing Difficulties, Learning Disabilities, Evidence Based Practice
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Mason, Linda H.; Harris, Karen R.; Graham, Steve – Theory Into Practice, 2011
Students with writing difficulties often struggle with the planning, composing, and revising skills required for effective writing. Fortunately, researchers have documented that explicit, interactive, scaffolded development of powerful composing strategies and strategies for self-regulating the writing process, as in Self-Regulated Strategy…
Descriptors: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Writing Difficulties, Learning Disabilities, Writing Processes
Graham, Steve – Education Digest: Essential Readings Condensed for Quick Review, 2010
The famed playwright Harold Pinter, having just been introduced as a very good writer, was once asked by a six-year-old boy if he could do a "w." The author suspects that "w" was a difficult letter for this young man, and he judged the writing capability of others accordingly. This student's assumption--that being a "good writer" means having good…
Descriptors: Childrens Writing, Creative Writing, Writing Processes, Writing Instruction
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Harris, Karen R.; Alexander, Patricia; Graham, Steve – Educational Psychologist, 2008
The history of strategies research during the past quarter century has been a story of significant conceptualizations and reconceptualizations regarding the nature, development, and teaching of cognitive and metacognitive strategies. Theoretical models, empirical research, and discussions contributed by Michael Pressley have been central to…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Models, Metacognition, Instructional Effectiveness
Graham, Steve; Perin, Dolores – Alliance for Excellent Education, 2007
This report offers a number of specific teaching techniques that research suggests will help 4th- to 12th-grade students in this nation's schools. The report focuses on all students, not just those who display writing difficulties, although this latter group is deservedly the focus of much attention. The premise of this report is that all students…
Descriptors: Transformational Generative Grammar, Writing Assignments, Writing Difficulties, Sentences
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Zito, Jennifer R.; Adkins, Mary; Gavins, Marva; Harris, Karen R.; Graham, Steve – Reading & Writing Quarterly, 2007
Research investigating how students who struggle with learning, as well as typically achieving students, can develop powerful self-regulation and academic strategies has become a major endeavor in both general and special education. In this article, we examine how one model of cognitive strategies instruction, Self-Regulated Strategy Development…
Descriptors: Epistemology, Learning Strategies, Self Management, Learning Theories
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Graham, Steve; Harris, Karen R.; MacArthur, Charles – Intervention in School and Clinic, 2006
Students are often asked to write reports for science, history, and other content-area classes. Struggling writers and many of their classmates are unsure about how to plan and write reports. This article presents a strategy for planning and writing reports and describes how a general and special education teacher team-taught this strategy to a…
Descriptors: Grade 5, Writing Processes, Elementary School Teachers, Special Education Teachers
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Lane, Kathleen Lynne; Graham, Steve; Harris, Karen R.; Weisenbach, Jessica L. – TEACHING Exceptional Children, 2006
Learning to write is a complex process that depends on mastering a variety of processes and skills, including how to plan compositions and regulate writing behavior. One approach that has been used successfully to teach both good and poor writers such processes is Self-Regulated Strategy Development (SRSD). With SRSD, students are taught…
Descriptors: Writing Strategies, Behavior Disorders, Teaching Methods, Writing (Composition)
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Saddler, Bruce; Moran, Susan; Graham, Steve; Harris, Karen R. – Exceptionality, 2004
In this study, we examined whether early, supplemental strategy instruction in planning helped ameliorate writing difficulties. Second-grade students experiencing difficulty learning to write were taught a strategy for planning and writing stories. Learning to use the strategy had a positive effect on writing, as students' stories became more…
Descriptors: Writing Difficulties, Personal Narratives, Writing Instruction, Writing Strategies