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Bell, Courtney A.; Dobbelaer, Marjoleine J.; Klette, Kirsti; Visscher, Adrie – School Effectiveness and School Improvement, 2019
Observation systems are increasingly used around the world for a variety of purposes; 2 critical purposes are to understand and to improve teaching. As observation systems differ considerably, individuals must decide what observation system to use. But the field does not have a common specification of an observation system, nor does it have…
Descriptors: Classroom Observation Techniques, Instructional Improvement, Evaluation Methods, Systems Approach
Skinner, Rebecca R. – Congressional Research Service, 2018
Assessing the achievement of students in elementary and secondary schools and the nation's educational progress is fundamental to informing education policy approaches. Congressional interest in this area includes and extends beyond the annual assessments administered by states to comply with the educational accountability requirements of Title…
Descriptors: National Competency Tests, Achievement Tests, Mathematics Achievement, Mathematics Tests
Burge, Bethan – National Foundation for Educational Research, 2015
This election factsheet highlights the following points: (1) It isn't always possible to say with certainty from looking at a country's rank in the PISA educational league tables alone whether one country or economy has definitely performed better than another; (2) England's position in the league tables is dependent on which countries and…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Achievement Tests, Secondary School Students, Comparative Analysis
Lyons, Douglas; Niblock, Andrew W. – Independent School, 2014
Independent schools are, for the most part, exempt from mandatory participation in standardized tests designed for state and federal comparisons, nor are they required to take part in comparative international assessments. The anxiety in the broader culture, however, is driving a growing interest among independent school parents (and prospective…
Descriptors: Global Approach, Comparative Analysis, Comparative Education, Educational Practices