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ERIC Number: EJ922158
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Pages: 26
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0305-7925
The Quality of Secondary Education in the Middle East and North Africa: What Can We Learn from TIMSS' Results?
Bouhlila, Donia Smaali
Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education, v41 n3 p327-352 2011
Research on educational quality has been scarce in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region, whereas the debates over educational quality date from 1966 in the USA with the Coleman Report. Fortunately TIMSS (Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study) starts to fill this gap by providing data on students' achievement and for many MENA countries this is the first time that such data are available. The paper gives an overview of the quality of education in MENA using TIMSS' 2007 data. The research questions addressed here are why is achievement low? And why is the gap between the top-performing countries and MENA countries large? In order to answer these questions, the paper focuses on several aspects: the first is the inefficiency of acquiring the language, the second is the inefficiency of time devoted to homework, the third is the meagre intended curriculum which is translated into a weaker implemented curriculum, the fourth aspect deals with the inefficiency of public resources devoted to the education sector. Finally, the paper highlights two other factors believed to affect students' achievement: family background and students' attitudes towards mathematics and science. (Contains 15 notes, 7 tables, and 5 figures.)
Routledge. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Africa
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study