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Skinner, Rebecca R. – Congressional Research Service, 2018
Assessing the achievement of students in elementary and secondary schools and the nation's educational progress is fundamental to informing education policy approaches. Congressional interest in this area includes and extends beyond the annual assessments administered by states to comply with the educational accountability requirements of Title…
Descriptors: National Competency Tests, Achievement Tests, Mathematics Achievement, Mathematics Tests
Foy, Pierre, Ed.; Arora, Alka, Ed.; Stanco, Gabrielle M., Ed. – International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement, 2013
TIMSS measures trends in mathematics and science achievement at the fourth and eighth grades in participating countries around the world, while also monitoring curricular implementation and identifying promising instructional practices. Conducted on a regular 4-year cycle, TIMSS has assessed mathematics and science in 1995, 1999, 2003, 2007, and…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Guides, Databases, International Studies
Foy, Pierre, Ed.; Arora, Alka, Ed.; Stanco, Gabrielle M., Ed. – International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement, 2013
This supplement describes national adaptations made to the international version of the TIMSS 2011 background questionnaires. This information provides users with a guide to evaluate the availability of internationally comparable data for use in secondary analyses involving the TIMSS 2011 background variables. Background questionnaire adaptations…
Descriptors: Questionnaires, Technology Transfer, Adoption (Ideas), Media Adaptation
Foy, Pierre, Ed.; Arora, Alka, Ed.; Stanco, Gabrielle M., Ed. – International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement, 2013
This supplement contains documentation on all the derived variables contained in the TIMSS 2011 data files that are based on background questionnaire variables. These variables were used to report background data in the TIMSS 2011 International Results in Mathematics and TIMSS 2011 International Results in Science reports, and are made available…
Descriptors: Questionnaires, Guides, Guidelines, International Education
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DeMars, Christine E. – International Journal of Testing, 2013
This tutorial addresses possible sources of confusion in interpreting trait scores from the bifactor model. The bifactor model may be used when subscores are desired, either for formative feedback on an achievement test or for theoretically different constructs on a psychological test. The bifactor model is often chosen because it requires fewer…
Descriptors: Test Interpretation, Scores, Models, Correlation
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Hanushek, Eric A.; Woessmann, Ludger; Peterson, Paul E. – Education Next, 2012
In a report issued in 2010, the authors found only 6 percent of U.S. students performing at the advanced level in mathematics, a percentage lower than those attained by 30 other countries. And the problem is not limited to top-performing students. In 2011, they showed that just 32 percent of 8th graders in the United States were proficient in…
Descriptors: Mathematics Achievement, Reading Achievement, Science Achievement, Educational Change