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Wixson, Karen K.; Raphael, Taffy E.; Au, Kathryn H. – International Literacy Association, 2018
With the release of the 2017 National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) and 2016 Progress in International Reading Literacy Study (PIRLS) results, concerns that reading scores of U.S. students have remained flat for the past decade have surfaced again along with suggestions about the source of this problem and how it might be remedied. The…
Descriptors: National Competency Tests, Reading Tests, Achievement Tests, Grade 4
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Fedora, Pledger – Kappa Delta Pi Record, 2014
When students experience reading difficulties--or even before they do--teachers can use specialized knowledge to help them achieve success. This overview of the International Dyslexia Association's "Knowledge and Practice Standards for Teachers of Reading" describes those reading and literacy standards and provides resources for teacher…
Descriptors: Reading Teachers, Reading Instruction, Academic Standards, Educational Resources
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Cahill, Gail; Govendo, Barbara – Learning Disabilities: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 2014
The National Assessment of Educational Progress and the Common Core State Standards require students, starting in elementary school, to read an increasing amount of informational text (U.S. Department of Education, 2010). Students with learning disabilities, however, typically struggle with expository text and require even more direct instruction…
Descriptors: Learning Disabilities, Reading Instruction, Intervention, Reading Strategies
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Wood, Summer; Jocius, Robin – Reading Teacher, 2013
Too often, instruction designed to improve literacy achievement for black male readers and writers focuses on skill-based learning, ignoring cultural, social, and personal development. This article calls for the use of critical literacy strategies with African American male students, which can raise expectations for academic achievement by…
Descriptors: Males, African American Students, Literacy Education, Reading Instruction
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National Center for Education Statistics, 2013
Since the 1970s, the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) has monitored the academic performance of 9-, 13-, and 17-year-old students with what have become known as the long-term trend assessments. Four decades of results offer an extended view of student achievement in reading and mathematics. Results in this report are based on the…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, National Competency Tests, Age, Second Language Learning
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Pearlman, Steven J. – Across the Disciplines, 2013
Examining deficits in the development of adolescent literacy, this article explores conceptions of literacy not as a "simple" exercise that merely requires layperson understandings of words, but rather, as research shows, as a deeper action that requires disciplinary knowledge and standing. Vygotsky's distinction between tool users vs.…
Descriptors: Writing Across the Curriculum, Reading Skills, Writing Evaluation, Interaction
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Regan, Kelley; Berkeley, Sheri – Intervention in School and Clinic, 2012
When providing effective reading and writing instruction, teachers need to provide explicit modeling. Modeling is particularly important when teaching students to use cognitive learning strategies. Examples of how teachers can provide specific, explicit, and flexible instructional modeling is presented in the context of two evidence-based…
Descriptors: Instructional Effectiveness, Evidence, Learning Strategies, Reading Instruction
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Reardon, Sean F.; Valentino, Rachel A.; Shores, Kenneth A. – Future of Children, 2012
How well do U.S. students read? In this article, Sean Reardon, Rachel Valentino, and Kenneth Shores rely on studies using data from national and international literacy assessments to answer this question. In part, the answer depends on the specific literacy skills assessed. The authors show that almost all U.S. students can "read" by…
Descriptors: Literacy, Reading Skills, Developed Nations, Race
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Pullen, Paige C.; Tuckwiller, Elizabeth D.; Ashworth, Kristen; Lovelace, Shelly P.; Cash, Deanna – Learning Disabilities Research & Practice, 2011
Concerns regarding literacy levels in the United States are long standing. Debates have existed for decades regarding the most effective ways to teach reading, especially the polarizing dilemma of how much to focus on decoding versus code-emphasis and whole language instruction. Fortunately, as a result of concentrated research efforts and…
Descriptors: Report Cards, Reading Difficulties, Beginning Reading, Reading Failure
Lee, Jaekyung; Finn, Jeremy; Liu, Xiaoyan – Online Submission, 2011
Through a synthesis of test publisher norms and national longitudinal datasets, this study provides new national norms of academic growth in K-12 reading and math that can be used to reinterpret conventional effect sizes in time units. We propose d' a time-indexed effect size metric to estimate how long it would take for an "untreated"…
Descriptors: Control Groups, National Norms, Effect Size, Mathematics Education
Alliance for Excellent Education, 2010
Millions of students are graduating from high school without the necessary reading and writing skills for career and college success. According to the long-term trend reading assessments of the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), the literacy of thirteen- and seventeen-year-olds on the NAEP has stagnated for close to four decades.…
Descriptors: Writing Skills, Literacy, Adolescents, Reading Skills
Hyslop, Alisha – Techniques: Connecting Education and Careers (J1), 2010
Statistics show that American students' reading and writing skills are lagging at a time when literacy skills are needed more than ever. Efforts to address low adolescent literacy levels meet numerous challenges, chief among them is the fact that formal literacy instruction ends for most students after the elementary grades. Career and technical…
Descriptors: Speech Communication, Writing Strategies, Enrichment Activities, Writing Skills
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Miller, Brett; McCardle, Peggy; Hernandez, Ricardo – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2010
Low literacy levels in adult learners pose an educational and public health challenge to practitioners and the scientific community. Increasing demands placed on literacy can limit opportunities in the workplace and access to health-related resources, negatively affecting public health. Current estimates from the National Center for Education…
Descriptors: Literacy Education, Public Health, Adult Basic Education, Adult Learning
Common Core State Standards Initiative, 2010
One of the key requirements of the Common Core State Standards for Reading is that all students must be able to comprehend texts of steadily increasing complexity as they progress through school. By the time they complete the core, students must be able to read and comprehend independently and proficiently the kinds of complex texts commonly found…
Descriptors: Reading Ability, Reading Instruction, Reading Comprehension, Glossaries
Lilles, Elena; Griffiths, Amy-Jane; Lee, Allison; Cardenas, Santiago; Chacko, Yasmin; Jimerson, Shane R. – California School Psychologist, 2008
Poor reading ability is associated with numerous negative consequences. School psychologists should provide teachers with resources and support to improve student reading ability and prevent these negative outcomes. This paper offers a guide for school psychologists to use in the consultation process when working with teachers to address students'…
Descriptors: Reading Difficulties, Intervention, Consultants, School Psychologists
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