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Polikoff, Morgan S.; Greene, Jay P.; Huffman, Kevin – Education Next, 2017
Since the 2001 passage of the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB), test-based accountability has been an organizing principle--perhaps "the" organizing principle--of efforts to improve American schools. But lately, accountability has been under fire from many critics, including Common Core opponents and those calling for more multifaceted…
Descriptors: Accountability, Educational Legislation, Federal Legislation, National Competency Tests
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Shepard, Lorrie A. – Educational Researcher, 2016
Early presidents of the American Educational Research Association were leaders in the testing movement. Their intentions were to improve education by means of testing, which included both IQ and achievement tests. Early measurement experts acknowledged in scholarly articles that IQ tests could not measure inherited ability of groups with vastly…
Descriptors: Presidents, Speeches, Testing, Educational Improvement
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Peterson, Paul E. – Education Next, 2016
At the turn of the century, the United States was trying to come to grips with a serious education crisis. The country was lagging behind its international peers, and a half-century effort to erode racial disparities in school achievement had made little headway. Many people expected action from the federal government. George W. Bush and Barack…
Descriptors: Federal Government, Government Role, Federal Legislation, Educational Legislation
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Peterson, Paul E.; Barrows, Samuel; Gift, Thomas – Education Next, 2016
In spite of Tea Party criticism, union skepticism, and anti-testing outcries, the campaign to implement Common Core State Standards (otherwise known as Common Core) has achieved phenomenal success in statehouses across the country. Since 2011, 45 states have raised their standards for student proficiency in reading and math, with the greatest…
Descriptors: Common Core State Standards, Accountability, Program Effectiveness, Success
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Willis, Arlette Ingram – Literacy Research: Theory, Method, and Practice, 2015
The coupling of literacy and race emphasizes their historic and contemporaneous intersection in literacy research. In this article, I draw on my scholarship and use three counternarratives to articulate how literacy and race significantly influence access, equity, and freedom. First, I examine access within the sociohistoric context of African…
Descriptors: Literacy, Race, African Americans, Access to Education
Haynes, Mariana – Alliance for Excellent Education, 2015
Noting that 60 percent of both fourth and eighth graders currently struggle with reading, this report urges the U.S. Congress to focus on students' literacy development from early childhood through grade twelve as it works to rewrite of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), currently known as the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB). In…
Descriptors: Reading Difficulties, Literacy Education, Grade 4, Grade 8
Martin, Michael – Hunt Institute, 2015
Assessments matter in education. Testing is nothing new; tests have been around as long as school itself. However, over the last 15 years, state assessments have grown to be an increasingly central, and often controversial, part of schooling. As states raise their standards, it is more important than ever to ask: What is a high-quality assessment?…
Descriptors: College Readiness, Career Readiness, State Standards, Academic Standards
Alaska Department of Education & Early Development, 2015
This statewide Report Card to the Public is published in accordance with Alaska Statute 14.03.120 for the school year 2014-2015. Under state law, each school district also is required to report information about its performance. Public knowledge pertaining to the school system is an important part of Alaska's accountability system. This report is…
Descriptors: Public Schools, State Legislation, School Districts, Academic Achievement
Polikoff, Morgan S. – Center for American Progress, 2014
The Common Core State Standards (CCSS) were created in response to the shortcomings of No Child Left Behind era standards and assessments. Among those failings were the poor quality of content standards and assessments and the variability in content expectations and proficiency targets across states, as well as concerns related to the economic…
Descriptors: Common Core State Standards, Educational Legislation, Federal Legislation, Elementary Secondary Education
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Starr, Joshua P.; Spellings, Margaret – Education Next, 2014
More than 40 states plan to assess student performance with new tests tied to the Common Core State Standards. In summer 2013, results from Common Core-aligned tests in New York showed a steep decline in outcomes. Common Core advocates hailed the scores as an honest accounting of school and student performance, while others worried that they…
Descriptors: High Stakes Tests, State Standards, Academic Standards, Scores
Alaska Department of Education & Early Development, 2014
This statewide "Report Card to the Public" is published in accordance with Alaska Statute 14.03.120 for the school year 2013-2014. Under state law, each school district is required to report information about its performance. Public knowledge of the school system is an important part of Alaska's school accountability system. This report…
Descriptors: Public Schools, State Legislation, School Districts, Academic Achievement
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Snyder, Thomas D.; Dillow, Sally A. – National Center for Education Statistics, 2013
The 2012 edition of the "Digest of Education Statistics" is the 48th in a series of publications initiated in 1962. The "Digest" has been issued annually except for combined editions for the years 1977-78, 1983-84, and 1985-86. Its primary purpose is to provide a compilation of statistical information covering the broad field…
Descriptors: School Statistics, Definitions, Tables (Data), Longitudinal Studies
Alaska Department of Education & Early Development, 2013
This "Report Card to the Public" is published in accordance with Alaska Statute 14.03.120 for the school year 2012-2013. Under state law, each school district is required to report information about its plans and performance to its community. This report includes a statewide summary of performance results. Public knowledge of the school…
Descriptors: Public Schools, State Legislation, School Districts, Academic Achievement
National Assessment Governing Board, 2012
As the ongoing national indicator of what American students know and can do, the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) in Reading regularly collects achievement information on representative samples of students in grades 4, 8, and 12. Through The Nation's Report Card, the NAEP Reading Assessment reports how well students perform in…
Descriptors: Reading Achievement, National Competency Tests, Reading Comprehension, Grade 4
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Bonbright, Jane; McGreevy-Nichols, Susan – Arts Education Policy Review, 2012
The field of dance arts education in the United States is in an entirely different place today than it was at the turn of the century. Much of this change is due to a convergence of events that involved: federal and state legislation, policy, and funding that supported dance in arts education; a forty-year transition of dance out of departments of…
Descriptors: Dance Education, Educational Development, Educational History, National Organizations
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