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Brewer, Thomas M.; Xu, Lihua; Diket, Read M. – Art Education, 2017
Just for a change, would it not be nice to hear talk about keeping and/or expanding full-time art specialists' presence in schools and maintaining strong art education programs at the college and university level? That conversation could result from the positive arguments we are providing in this article. The purpose of this article is to clarify…
Descriptors: Specialists, Art Education, Art Teachers, Teaching Methods
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Wright, Katherine; Eslami, Zohreh; McTigue, Erin; Reynolds, Dudley – Science Teacher, 2015
Studies evaluating the graphics in science textbooks have recommended that teachers use eye-catching visuals to reinforce student learning objectives. Similarly, the "Next Generation Science Standards" (NGSS Lead States 2013) suggest that science teachers use visuals to teach English Language Learners (ELLs). However, little research has…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Computer Graphics, Standards, Teaching Methods
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National Center for Education Statistics, 2013
As part of the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) in reading, students are asked to demonstrate their understanding of words as used in literary and informational texts. This focus on students' understanding of word meaning highlights the importance of vocabulary in reading comprehension. This report provides an overview of…
Descriptors: Vocabulary Development, Reading Skills, Reading Achievement, Reading Comprehension
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National Center for Education Statistics, 2013
NAEP Trial Urban District Assessment (TUDA) results in mathematics and reading are based on representative samples of 1,100 to 2,300 public school students at grade 4 and 900 to 2,100 public school students at grade 8 in each participating urban district in 2013. Twenty-one urban districts participated in the 2013 assessments. The assessments…
Descriptors: Urban Schools, School Districts, National Competency Tests, Mathematics Achievement