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West, Jerry – AERA Open, 2017
The introduction to this Special Topic Collection has two parts. To provide background and context for the articles in the collection, Part 1 tells the story of the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study program at the National Center for Education Statistics. It offers an abridged history of this program and describes the designs of the two national…
Descriptors: Children, Longitudinal Studies, Surveys, Kindergarten
Ansari, Arya; Crosnoe, Robert – Grantee Submission, 2018
The transition into kindergarten often serves as the basis for long-term disparities in educational attainment because initially small differences in early learning widen throughout the K-12 educational system. Given the long-standing disparities in their academic achievement related to being of low socioeconomic status and a racial/ethnic…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, English Language Learners, School Readiness, Academic Achievement
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Skiba, Russell J.; Artiles, Alfredo J.; Kozleski, Elizabeth B.; Losen, Daniel J.; Harry, Elizabeth G. – Educational Researcher, 2016
In this technical comment, we argue that Morgan et al.'s claim that there is no minority overrepresentation in special education is in error due to (a) sampling considerations, (b) inadequate support from previous and current analyses, and (c) their failure to consider the complexities of special education disproportionality. [For Morgan et al.'s…
Descriptors: Reader Response, Equal Education, Special Education, Minority Group Students
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Morgan, Paul L.; Farkas, George – Educational Researcher, 2016
We reply to three critiques regarding our reporting that White, English-speaking children are much more likely than otherwise similar racial, ethnic, and language minority children to receive special education services in the United States. We show how each critique is unsound. We present further evidence of the robustness of our findings.
Descriptors: Advantaged, Disadvantaged, Whites, Racial Discrimination
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Schneider, Barbara; Saw, Guan; Broda, Michael – AERA Open, 2016
Forty years ago, the National Center for Education Statistics initiated the national longitudinal studies program in response to congressional concern for policy-relevant information on school-to-work transitions. This program has grown substantially, and not unexpectedly, questions have arisen about its usefulness and present operation. This…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Educational Research, Program Descriptions, Educational Policy
Zhang, Zhiyong – Grantee Submission, 2016
Growth curve models are widely used in social and behavioral sciences. However, typical growth curve models often assume that the errors are normally distributed although non-normal data may be even more common than normal data. In order to avoid possible statistical inference problems in blindly assuming normality, a general Bayesian framework is…
Descriptors: Bayesian Statistics, Models, Statistical Distributions, Computation
García, Emma; Weiss, Elaine – Economic Policy Institute, 2015
Understanding disparities in school readiness among America's children when they begin kindergarten is critically important, now more than ever. In today's 21st century global economy, it is expected that the great majority of children will complete high school ready to enter college or begin a career, and assume their civic responsibilities. This…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Equal Education, Early Childhood Education, Social Influences
Pritzker, J. B.; Bradach, Jeffrey L.; Kaufmann, Katherine – Bridgespan Group, 2015
When every child has the opportunity to meet his or her full potential, families, communities, and the nation's economic future strengthens. Remarkably, one in four American children come from low-income families and enter kindergarten not ready to learn and, as a result, fall behind from the very start. The nation pays a heavy price through…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, School Readiness, Early Childhood Education, Child Development
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Espelage, Dorothy – AERA Open, 2015
School violence and bullying are two public health concerns with consequences for youth in and out of school, for families, students, and community members. In this article, a social-ecological framework is briefly described as a way to understand bullying and school violence; then the National Center for Educational Statistics (NCES) longitudinal…
Descriptors: Violence, Bullying, Educational Research, Statistical Data
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Chen, Fang; Chalhoub-Deville, Micheline – Language Testing, 2014
Newer statistical procedures are typically introduced to help address the limitations of those already in practice or to deal with emerging research needs. Quantile regression (QR) is introduced in this paper as a relatively new methodology, which is intended to overcome some of the limitations of least squares mean regression (LMR). QR is more…
Descriptors: Regression (Statistics), Language Tests, Language Proficiency, Mathematics Achievement
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Peugh, James L. – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2014
Applied early adolescent researchers often sample students (Level 1) from within classrooms (Level 2) that are nested within schools (Level 3), resulting in data that requires multilevel modeling analysis to avoid Type 1 errors. Although several articles have been published to assist researchers with analyzing sample data nested at two levels, few…
Descriptors: Early Adolescents, Research, Hierarchical Linear Modeling, Data Analysis
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Clements, Douglas H.; Agodini, Roberto; Harris, Barbara – National Center for Education Evaluation and Regional Assistance, 2013
In this Appendix, we provide details about the data used for the current study, the curricula used in the classrooms from which data were collected, and the current study's methodological approach. (Contains 14 tables and 5 footnotes.)[For full report, see ED544189.]
Descriptors: Mathematics Curriculum, Teaching Methods, Mathematics Achievement, Institutional Characteristics
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Snyder, Thomas D.; Dillow, Sally A. – National Center for Education Statistics, 2013
The 2012 edition of the "Digest of Education Statistics" is the 48th in a series of publications initiated in 1962. The "Digest" has been issued annually except for combined editions for the years 1977-78, 1983-84, and 1985-86. Its primary purpose is to provide a compilation of statistical information covering the broad field…
Descriptors: School Statistics, Definitions, Tables (Data), Longitudinal Studies
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Reardon, Sean F.; Valentino, Rachel A.; Shores, Kenneth A. – Future of Children, 2012
How well do U.S. students read? In this article, Sean Reardon, Rachel Valentino, and Kenneth Shores rely on studies using data from national and international literacy assessments to answer this question. In part, the answer depends on the specific literacy skills assessed. The authors show that almost all U.S. students can "read" by…
Descriptors: Literacy, Reading Skills, Developed Nations, Race
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Waldfogel, Jane – Future of Children, 2012
When U.S. children enter school, their reading skills vary widely by their socioeconomic status, race and ethnicity, and immigrant status. Because these literacy gaps exist before children enter school, observes Jane Waldfogel, the disparities must arise from conditions outside of schools--from the children's families and communities. And the same…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Immigrants, Reading Skills, Peer Groups
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