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Showing 1 to 15 of 36 results Save | Export
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Setoh, Peipei; Lee, Kristy J. J.; Zhang, Lijun; Qian, Miao K.; Quinn, Paul C.; Heyman, Gail D.; Lee, Kang – Child Development, 2019
This research investigated the relation between racial categorization and implicit racial bias in majority and minority children. Chinese and Indian 3- to 7-year-olds from Singapore (N = 158) categorized Chinese and Indian faces by race and had their implicit and explicit racial biases measured. Majority Chinese children, but not minority Indian…
Descriptors: Prediction, Racial Bias, Preschool Children, Classification
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Qian, Miao K.; Heyman, Gail D.; Quinn, Paul C.; Fu, Genyue; Lee, Kang – Developmental Psychology, 2019
We investigated the developmental courses of both implicit and explicit racial biases in relation to the perceived social status of outgroups. We did so by assessing these biases among Chinese participants (N = 200, age range from 4- to 19-year-olds) toward 2 different other-race groups that differ in terms of perceived social status (i.e., Whites…
Descriptors: Racial Bias, Age Differences, Individual Development, Social Status
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Qian, Miao K.; Quinn, Paul C.; Heyman, Gail D.; Pascalis, Olivier; Fu, Genyue; Lee, Kang – Developmental Psychology, 2017
Two studies with preschool-age children examined the effectiveness of perceptual individuation training at reducing racial bias (Study 1, N = 32; Study 2, N = 56). We found that training preschool-age children to individuate other-race faces resulted in a reduction in implicit racial bias while mere exposure to other-race faces produced no such…
Descriptors: Racial Bias, Foreign Countries, Blacks, Whites
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Cowell, Jason M.; Lee, Kang; Malcolm-Smith, Susan; Selcuk, Bilge; Zhou, Xinyue; Decety, Jean – Developmental Science, 2017
Morality is an evolved aspect of human nature, yet is heavily influenced by cultural environment. This developmental study adopted an integrative approach by combining measures of socioeconomic status (SES), executive function, affective sharing, empathic concern, theory of mind, and moral judgment in predicting sharing behavior in children (N =…
Descriptors: Moral Values, Cultural Influences, Socioeconomic Status, Executive Function
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Xiao, Naiqi G.; Quinn, Paul C.; Ge, Liezhong; Lee, Kang – Developmental Psychology, 2017
Although most of the faces we encounter daily are moving ones, much of what we know about face processing and its development is based on studies using static faces that emphasize holistic processing as the hallmark of mature face processing. Here the authors examined the effects of facial movements on face processing developmentally in children…
Descriptors: Developmental Psychology, Children, Adolescents, Adults
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Qian, Miao K.; Heyman, Gail D.; Quinn, Paul C.; Messi, Francoise A.; Fu, Genyue; Lee, Kang – Child Development, 2016
This research used an Implicit Racial Bias Test to investigate implicit racial biases among 3- to 5-year-olds and adult participants in China (N = 213) and Cameroon (N = 257). In both cultures, participants displayed high levels of racial biases that remained stable between 3 and 5 years of age. Unlike adults, young children's implicit racial…
Descriptors: Racial Bias, Preschool Children, Social Status, Adults
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Liu, Shaoying; Xiao, Wen Sara; Xiao, Naiqi G.; Quinn, Paul C.; Zhang, Yueyan; Chen, Hui; Ge, Liezhong; Pascalis, Olivier; Lee, Kang – Developmental Psychology, 2015
Previous research has shown that 3-month-olds prefer own- over other-race faces. The current study used eye-tracking methodology to examine how this visual preference develops with age beyond 3 months and how infants differentially scan between own- and other-race faces when presented simultaneously. We showed own- versus other-race face pairs to…
Descriptors: Infants, Visual Perception, Preferences, Race
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Xiao, Wen S.; Fu, Genyue; Quinn, Paul C.; Qin, Jinliang; Tanaka, James W.; Pascalis, Olivier; Lee, Kang – Developmental Science, 2015
The present study examined whether perceptual individuation training with other-race faces could reduce preschool children's implicit racial bias. We used an "angry = outgroup" paradigm to measure Chinese children's implicit racial bias against African individuals before and after training. In Experiment 1, children between 4 and 6 years…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Racial Differences, Human Body, Preschool Children
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Xiao, Naiqi G.; Quinn, Paul C.; Liu, Shaoying; Ge, Liezhong; Pascalis, Olivier; Lee, Kang – Developmental Psychology, 2015
Current knowledge about face processing in infancy comes largely from studies using static face stimuli, but faces that infants see in the real world are mostly moving ones. To bridge this gap, 3-, 6-, and 9-month-old Asian infants (N = 118) were familiarized with either moving or static Asian female faces, and then their face recognition was…
Descriptors: Infants, Age Differences, Eye Movements, Motion
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Anzures, Gizelle; Kelly, David J.; Pascalis, Olivier; Quinn, Paul C.; Slater, Alan M.; de Viviés, Xavier; Lee, Kang – Developmental Psychology, 2014
We used a matching-to-sample task and manipulated facial pose and feature composition to examine the other-race effect (ORE) in face identity recognition between 5 and 10 years of age. Overall, the present findings provide a genuine measure of own- and other-race face identity recognition in children that is independent of photographic and image…
Descriptors: Recognition (Psychology), Race, Human Body, Children
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Chiu Loke, Ivy; Heyman, Gail D.; Itakura, Shoji; Toriyama, Rie; Lee, Kang – Developmental Psychology, 2014
American and Japanese children's evaluations of the reporting of peers' transgressions to authority figures were investigated. Seven-, 9-, and 11-year-old children (N = 160) and adults (N = 62) were presented with vignettes and were asked to evaluate the decisions of child observers who reported their friend's either major or relatively minor…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Moral Values, Cross Cultural Studies, Cultural Differences
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Fu, Genyue; Xiao, Wen S.; Killen, Melanie; Lee, Kang – Developmental Psychology, 2014
Recent research indicates that moral judgment and 1st-order theory of mind abilities are related. What is not known, however, is how 2nd-order theory of mind is related to moral judgment. In the present study, we extended previous findings by administering a morally relevant theory of mind task (an accidental transgressor) to 4- to 7-year-old…
Descriptors: Decision Making, Moral Values, Theory of Mind, Children
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Evans, Angela D.; Lee, Kang – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2014
The present investigation examined whether school-aged children and adolescents' own deceptive behavior of cheating and lying influenced their honesty judgments of their same-aged peers. Eighty 8- to 17-year-olds who had previously participated in a study examining cheating and lie-telling behaviors were invited to make honesty judgments of their…
Descriptors: Deception, Cheating, Ethics, Children
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Heyman, Gail D.; Fu, Genyue; Lee, Kang – Developmental Psychology, 2013
Children's reasoning about the credibility of positive and negative evaluations of academic performance was examined. Across 2 studies, 7- and 10-year-olds from the United States and China (N = 334) judged the credibility of academic evaluations that were directed toward an unfamiliar peer. In Study 1, participants from China responded that…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Elementary School Students, Credibility, Trust (Psychology)
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Xu, Fen; Evans, Angela D.; Li, Chunxia; Li, Qinggong; Heyman, Gail; Lee, Kang – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2013
The present investigation examined the relation between honesty, benevolence, and trust in children. One hundred and eight 7-, 9-, and 11-year-olds were read four story types in which the character's honesty (honesty or dishonest) was crossed with their intentions (helping or harming). Children rated the story character's honesty, benevolence, and…
Descriptors: Trust (Psychology), Children, Preadolescents, Ethics
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