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Li, Fengliang; Zhao, Yandong; Morgan, W. John – Education, Knowledge & Economy: A Journal for Education and Social Enterprise, 2011
This article comments on several features of the rate of return (ROR) to educational investment in China: first, the ROR to educational investment has increased with the expansion of educational provision since the 1980s. Second, the greater the educational provision, the greater the ROR. Third, the ROR in urban areas is more than that in rural…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Outcomes of Education, Access to Education, Rural Urban Differences
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Minhui, Qian – Chinese Education and Society, 2010
This article argues that the choice of cultures by ethnic education was determined by a given form of elitist ideology and a power agency. After the conversion of China's society from a planned economy to a market economy, this elitist ideology and power agency has become diversified and includes the elitist ideology of statism. Empowerment has…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Ethnicity, Group Unity, Ideology
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Niu, Zhikui – International Journal of Educational Management, 2009
Purpose: By reviewing the related literature on the Jiaoshi Pinren Zhi (JPZ) system, this paper seeks to indicate that the implementation of JPZ not only has led to domestic brain drain and the imbalance of teachers' qualities between different areas and schools, but also has violated children's equal rights to education guaranteed by the…
Descriptors: Employment, Free Enterprise System, Childrens Rights, Educational Change
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Hung, Fan-sing – Compare: A Journal of Comparative Education, 2008
This paper compares the returns to education in transitional economies in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE), such as Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Romania, Russia, Slovak Republic and the Ukraine in the 1990s, and in China in the 1980s and 1990s. In the pre-transition period, the returns to education in the six CEE countries were low at about 2-4%,…
Descriptors: Free Enterprise System, Foreign Countries, Educational Attainment, Outcomes of Education
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Pan, Su-Yan; Law, Wing-Wah – Education and the Law, 2006
This article explores the role of law in shaping the growth of private education, as a part of educational reforms in response to social change in the People's Republic of China (PRC) after the 1980s. This paper argues that law acts as a new social game rule, one used by the state to govern, regulate and promote new relations and interactions…
Descriptors: Private Education, Social Change, Educational Change, Government Role
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Dongping, Yang – Chinese Education and Society, 2006
Today, with the development of a market economy, education has taken on certain characteristics of an industry. It needs to adopt some market mechanisms to increase its vitality and efficiency. Society generally has accepted that the individual should share some cost of education. Supporters and opponents of the concept recognize this point. The…
Descriptors: Educational Resources, Public Opinion, Free Enterprise System, Educational Change