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Showing 1 to 15 of 91 results Save | Export
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Dunn, Kristy; Georgiou, George K.; Das, J. P. – High Ability Studies, 2018
Although the role of cognitive processes, such as planning, attention, simultaneous, and successive (PASS) processing in reading ability has been examined in samples of typically developing children and children with reading difficulties, it remains unclear if these processes also contribute to superior reading performance. Thus, in this study we…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Reading Processes, Reading Achievement, High Achievement
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Deacon, S. Hélène; Kieffer, Michael – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2018
The authors tested theoretically driven predictions as to the ways in which syntactic awareness, or awareness of word order within sentences, might contribute to reading comprehension, the end goal of reading development and instruction. They conducted a longitudinal study of 100 English-speaking children followed from Grade 3 to 4. Children…
Descriptors: Syntax, Longitudinal Studies, Reading Comprehension, Prediction
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Hochstein, Lara; Bale, Alan; Barner, David – Language Learning and Development, 2018
We investigated "scalar implicature" in adolescents and children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) to test whether theory of mind deficits associated with autism affect pragmatic inferences in language. We tested scalar implicature computation in adolescents with ASD (12-18 years) and asked whether they reason about mental states when…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Adolescents, Language Usage
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Cohen-Gilbert, Julia E.; Stein, Elena R.; Gunnar, Megan R.; Thomas, Kathleen M. – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2018
This study investigated whether brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) genotype moderated inhibitory control during an emotionally valenced task in a sample of internationally adopted adolescents (N = 109, ages 12-13 years) who spent their early years in institutional care. Participants were genotyped for the Val66Met polymorphism of the BDNF…
Descriptors: Stress Variables, Genetics, Inhibition, Task Analysis
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Lafavor, Theresa – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2018
Widening achievement gaps between homeless and highly mobile (HHM) youth and their peers highlight the need for research to understand effects of risk and adversity on development to promote resilience and positive adaptation. Youth living under the poverty line experience more risk and adversity, leading to difficulty in multiple domains…
Descriptors: Role, Executive Function, Reading Ability, Homeless People
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Dawson, Nicola; Rastle, Kathleen; Ricketts, Jessie – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2018
The process by which morphologically complex words are recognized and stored is a matter of ongoing debate. A large body of evidence indicates that complex words are automatically decomposed during visual word recognition in adult readers. Research with developing readers is limited and findings are mixed. This study aimed to investigate…
Descriptors: Morphology (Languages), Word Recognition, Visual Stimuli, Adults
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Clarke, Ben; Shanley, Lina; Kosty, Derek; Baker, Scott K.; Cary, Mari Strand; Fien, Hank; Smolkowski, Keith – School Psychology Quarterly, 2018
The purpose of this study was to investigate the incremental validity of a set of domain general cognitive measures added to a traditional screening battery of early numeracy measures. The sample consisted of 458 kindergarten students of whom 285 were designated as severely at-risk for mathematics difficulty. Hierarchical multiple regression…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Screening Tests, At Risk Students, Cognitive Measurement
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Kruk, Richard S.; Luther Ruban, Cassia – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2018
Visual processes in Grade 1 were examined for their predictive influences in nonalphanumeric and alphanumeric rapid naming (RAN) in 51 poor early and 69 typical readers. In a lagged design, children were followed longitudinally from Grade 1 to Grade 3 over 5 testing occasions. RAN outcomes in early Grade 2 were predicted by speeded and nonspeeded…
Descriptors: Naming, Reading Difficulties, Grade 1, Grade 2
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Vella, Lydia; Ring, Howard A.; Aitken, Mike R. F.; Watson, Peter C.; Presland, Alexander; Clare, Isabel C. H. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2018
Autobiographical accounts and a limited research literature suggest that adults with autism spectrum disorders can experience difficulties with decision-making. We examined whether some of the difficulties they describe correspond to quantifiable differences in decision-making when compared to adults in the general population. The participants (38…
Descriptors: Decision Making Skills, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Adults
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Gedek, Haley M.; Pantelis, Peter C.; Kennedy, Daniel P. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2018
The comprehension of dynamically unfolding social situations is made possible by the seamless integration of multimodal information merged with rich intuitions about the thoughts and behaviors of others. We examined how high-functioning adults with autism spectrum disorder and neurotypical controls made a complex social judgment (i.e. rating the…
Descriptors: Adults, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Correlation
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Groom, Madeleine J.; Kochhar, Puja; Hamilton, Antonia; Liddle, Elizabeth B.; Simeou, Marina; Hollis, Chris – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
This study investigated the neurobiological basis of comorbidity between autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). We compared children with ASD, ADHD or ADHD+ASD and typically developing controls (CTRL) on behavioural and electrophysiological correlates of gaze cue and face processing. We measured effects…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Comorbidity
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Trimmer, Emily; McDonald, Skye; Rushby, Jacqueline Ann – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2017
While there is a general consensus in the literature that individuals with autism spectrum disorder have difficulty with cognitive empathy, much less is known about emotional empathy processing in these individuals. Most research has employed subjective self-report measures, which can often be misinterpreted or under-reported/over-reported. More…
Descriptors: Empathy, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Emotional Response
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Bailey, Drew H.; Hansen, Nicole; Jordan, Nancy C. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2017
The importance of fraction knowledge to later mathematics achievement, along with U.S. students' poor knowledge of fraction concepts and procedures, has prompted research on the development of fraction learning. In the present study, participants' (N = 536) development of fraction magnitude understanding and fraction arithmetic skills was assessed…
Descriptors: Fractions, Arithmetic, Mathematics Achievement, Elementary School Mathematics
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Nash, Hannah M.; Gooch, Debbie; Hulme, Charles; Mahajan, Yatin; McArthur, Genevieve; Steinmetzger, Kurt; Snowling, Margaret J. – Developmental Science, 2017
The "automatic letter-sound integration hypothesis" (Blomert, [Blomert, L., 2011]) proposes that dyslexia results from a failure to fully integrate letters and speech sounds into automated audio-visual objects. We tested this hypothesis in a sample of English-speaking children with dyslexic difficulties (N = 13) and samples of…
Descriptors: Dyslexia, Phoneme Grapheme Correspondence, Control Groups, Diagnostic Tests
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Brewer, Neil; Young, Robyn L.; Barnett, Emily – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
Deficits in Theory of Mind (ToM)--the ability to interpret others' beliefs, intentions and emotions--undermine the ability of individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) to interact in socially normative ways. This study provides psychometric data for the Adult-Theory of Mind (A-ToM) measure using video-scenarios based in part on Happé's…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Theory of Mind, Interpersonal Competence
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