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Reno, Virginia P.; Ekman, Lisa D. – Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2012
Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) is an essential lifeline for millions of Americans. Without it, many families would be in deep financial distress. SSDI is insurance that workers pay for through premiums deducted from their pay. In return, workers gain the right to monthly benefits if a disabling condition ends their capacity to earn a…
Descriptors: Financial Problems, Independent Living, Insurance, Access to Health Care
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Lan, Xiaohuan – Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2012
About 75 percent of U.S.-trained, noncitizen PhDs in science and engineering work in the United States after graduation, and 54 percent of those who stay take postdoctoral positions. The probability of postdoctoral participation is substantially higher for temporary visa holders than for permanent visa holders because of visa-related restrictions…
Descriptors: Evidence, Labor Market, Probability, Foreign Students
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Haider, Steven J.; Schoeni, Robert F.; Bao, Yuhua; Danielson, Caroline – Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2004
The welfare reform bill adopted in the United States in 1996 limited the eligibility of immigrants for several government assistance programs, and early projections estimated that nearly half of the savings associated with the reforms would come from these immigrant restrictions. Several studies have found that subsequent program participation…
Descriptors: Immigrants, Federal Government, Welfare Services, Welfare Recipients