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Showing 31 to 45 of 51 results Save | Export
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Ebejer, Jane L.; Coventry, William L.; Byrne, Brian; Willcutt, Erik G.; Olson, Richard K.; Corley, Robin; Samuelsson, Stefan – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2010
Twin children from Australia, Scandinavia, and the United States were assessed for inattention, hyperactivity-impulsivity, and reading across the first 3 school years. Univariate behavior-genetic analyses indicated substantial heritability for all three variables in all years. Longitudinal analyses showed one genetic source operating across the…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Foreign Countries, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Genetic Disorders
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Denkyirah, Anthony M.; Agbeke, Wilson K. – Early Childhood Education Journal, 2010
In recent years, there has been a rapid increase in the number of children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders (ASD), worldwide. Since children with ASD have limited social interaction and communication skills, they tend to lag behind their peers without disabilities in many areas. In particular, they are unable to easily transition smoothly…
Descriptors: Autism, Interpersonal Relationship, Interaction, Foreign Countries
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Joshi, Arti; Pan, Alex; Murakami, Masaru; Narayanan, Shankar – Computers in the Schools, 2010
This study was conducted with kindergarten teachers in the United States and Japan with respect to their beliefs about the role of computers in educating young children. Overall findings indicated significant differences in responses of teachers in the two countries. Generally, U.S. teachers had a more positive attitude toward computers in…
Descriptors: Young Children, Foreign Countries, Kindergarten, Teacher Attitudes
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Mol, Suzanne E.; Bus, Adriana G.; de Jong, Maria T. – Review of Educational Research, 2009
This meta-analysis examines to what extent interactive storybook reading stimulates two pillars of learning to read: vocabulary and print knowledge. The authors quantitatively reviewed 31 (quasi) experiments (n = 2,049 children) in which educators were trained to encourage children to be actively involved before, during, and after joint book…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Emergent Literacy, Vocabulary Development, Early Reading
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Wright, Tessa; Wormsley, Diane P.; Kamei-Hannan, Cheryl – Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, 2009
Using a subset of data from the Alphabetic Braille and Contracted Braille Study, researchers analyzed the patterns and characteristics of hand movements as predictors of reading performance. Statistically significant differences were found between one- and two-handed readers and between patterns of hand movements and reading rates. (Contains 6…
Descriptors: Braille, Predictor Variables, Reading Achievement, Statistical Significance
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Gullickson, Janice – Learning Languages, 2009
Six years ago Project Starship MIR, the Russian language "shuttle," launched at Turnagain Elementary, one of the Anchorage School District's 65 elementary schools. The MIR "peace" mission originated with encouragement from the local business community to prepare students for Alaska's future economic, social and political ties…
Descriptors: Immersion Programs, Business, Second Languages, Foreign Countries
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Furnes, Bjarte; Samuelsson, Stefan – Journal of Research in Reading, 2009
The importance of cognitive and language skills on reading and spelling development were investigated in a cross-linguistic longitudinal study of 737 English-speaking children (US/Australia) and 169 Scandinavian children (Norway/Sweden) from preschool to Kindergarten and Grade 1. The results revealed that phonological awareness and print knowledge…
Descriptors: Spelling, Early Reading, Linguistics, Phonological Awareness
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Moos, Lejf; Krejsler, John; Kofod, Klaus Kasper – International Journal of Leadership in Education, 2008
This article will argue that diverse national, regional and local contexts leave different rooms for manoeuvre for school principals. The social technologies applied by the authorities (like accountability systems) can be "tight" or "loose" and so leave little or much room for principals' interpretations of what a good school…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Accountability, Instructional Leadership, Principals
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Samuelsson, Stefan; Byrne, Brian; Olson, Richard K.; Hulslander, Jacqueline; Wadsworth, Sally; Corley, Robin; Willcutt, Erik G.; DeFries, John C. – Learning and Individual Differences, 2008
Genetic and environmental influences on early reading and spelling at the end of kindergarten and Grade 1 were compared across three twin samples tested in the United States, Australia, and Scandinavia. Proportions of variance due to genetic influences on kindergarten reading were estimated at 0.84 in Australia, 0.68 in the U.S., and 0.33 in…
Descriptors: Twins, Spelling, Early Reading, Genetics
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Care, Esther; Deans, Jan; Brown, Robert – Journal of Early Childhood Research, 2007
Research on career development has focused primarily on adolescents and adults. However, in Gottfredson's theory of circumscription and compromise (2002) it is proposed that career aspirations originate in the preschool years and that the earliest work aspirations of children are sex typed in relation to the activities of same sex adults. This…
Descriptors: Females, Fantasy, Occupational Aspiration, Career Development
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Byrne, Brian; Samuelsson, Stefan; Wadsworth, Sally; Hulslander, Jacqueline; Corley, Robin; DeFries, John C.; Quain, Peter; Willcutt, Erik G.; Olson, Richard K. – Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 2007
Grade 1 literacy skills of twin children in Australia (New South Wales) and the United States (Colorado) were explored in a genetically sensitive design (N = 319 pairs). Analyses indicated strong genetic influence on word and nonword identification, reading comprehension, and spelling. Rapid naming showed more modest, though reliable, genetic…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Emergent Literacy, Preschool Children, Kindergarten
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Hall, Katrina Willard; Hargis, Jace – Kappa Delta Pi Record, 2007
On a recent visit to Murmansk, Russia to explore collaborative possibilities between the University of North Florida and Murmansk State Pedagogical University (MSPU), two educators jumped at the chance to visit a local kindergarten. As a former kindergarten teacher, one was curious to see how this kindergarten varied from what she had experienced…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Early Childhood Education, Preschool Teachers, Kindergarten
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Soundy, Cathleen S.; Qiu, Yun – Childhood Education, 2006
In this article, the authors designed a study to explore what children's own drawings reveal about their viewing skills and to examine the interplay between visual and verbal literacies. Specifically, the authors wanted to determine how two communication systems--visual and verbal literacies--contribute to children's abilities to extract meaning…
Descriptors: Visual Arts, Emergent Literacy, Picture Books, Freehand Drawing
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Byrne, Brian; Olson, Richard K.; Samuelsson, Stefan; Wadsworth, Sally; Corley, Robin; DeFries, John C.; Willcutt, Erik – Journal of Research in Reading, 2006
Prereading and early reading skills of preschool twin children in Australia, Scandinavia and the United States were explored in a genetically sensitive design (max. N=627 preschool pairs and 422 kindergarten pairs). Analyses indicated a strong genetic influence on preschool phonological awareness, rapid naming and verbal memory. Print awareness,…
Descriptors: Genetics, Environmental Influences, Emergent Literacy, Twins
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Allen, Ann Taylor – History of Education, 2006
Kindergarten pedagogy, which was based on educational play and cognitive development, was designed by the German Friedrich Frobel in the 1840s to train the future citizens of the new state that liberals aspired to create. It created a professional role for women, whom Frobel believed were innately gifted teachers of young children. German…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Comparative Analysis, Kindergarten, Educational History
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