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Bolton, Allan – Higher Education, 1996
A study of 17 European and American business school deans found morale higher than anticipated. Deans reported an excessive workload, spending 45% of time with external constituents. They saw themselves as less powerful than business leaders, but equally accountable financially, and perceived themselves as facilitators for colleagues. High…
Descriptors: Administrator Attitudes, Administrator Education, Administrator Role, Business Administration Education
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Tian, Yanfeng – Higher Education, 1996
Analysis of higher education enrollments in the United States and United Kingdom in 1970-87 found that the divorce rate is positively related to women's enrollment in the United States, and unemployment is positively related to enrollment for men, but not for women, in both the United States and the United Kingdom. These and related policy issues…
Descriptors: Comparative Education, Divorce, Employment Patterns, Enrollment Influences
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Welch, Anthony R. – Higher Education, 1997
A survey of 20,000 college and university faculty in 14 countries, particularly in large teaching and research institutions, investigated the extent of international mobility within this group. Issues examined in relation to mobility include gender differences, distribution among disciplines, patterns of employment (full- vs. part-time,…
Descriptors: College Faculty, Comparative Analysis, Comparative Education, Employment Patterns
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Enders, Jurgen; Teichler, Ulrich – Higher Education, 1997
A study compared employment patterns, working conditions, and workload among college and university faculty in Germany, the Netherlands, Sweden, England, Japan, and the United States, based on data from an international faculty survey. Results indicate considerable differences across academic rank, particularly in the European countries. However,…
Descriptors: Academic Rank (Professional), College Faculty, Comparative Analysis, Comparative Education
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Poole, Millicent; Bornholt, Laurel; Summers, Fiona – Higher Education, 1997
Examines gender-related nature of academic work, based on an international survey of college and university faculty. Describes commonalities for areas of discrimination among men and women faculty in Australia, Germany, Hong Kong, Israel, Mexico, Sweden, United Kingdom, and United States. Focuses on working conditions, professional activities…
Descriptors: College Administration, College Faculty, College Instruction, Comparative Analysis
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Gottlieb, Esther; Keith, Bruce – Higher Education, 1997
Examines the research-teaching relationship in faculty work in Germany, Sweden, United Kingdom, United States, Australia, Israel, Japan, and South Korea, drawing on an international survey of college and university faculty. Results indicate research and teaching are not mutually exclusive activities, but the two activities have differing effects…
Descriptors: College Faculty, College Instruction, Comparative Analysis, Comparative Education
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Wolverton, Mimi; Gmelch, Walter H.; Wolverton, Marvin L.; Sarros, James C. – Higher Education, 1999
Compares how academic department chairs at colleges and universities in Australia and the U.S. define their tasks. Major differences noted include the propensity of U.S. chairs to think of soliciting ideas for departmental improvement as a long-term endeavor, whereas Australian chairs perceive of idea solicitation as an administrative task, and…
Descriptors: Change Agents, Comparative Education, Department Heads, Foreign Countries
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Fraser, Barry J.; And Others – Higher Education, 1992
A survey of 1,720 students in 71 university science laboratory classes in the United States, Canada, England, Australia, Israel, and Nigeria investigated student and teacher perceptions of dimensions of classroom environment (student cohesiveness, open-endedness, integration, rule clarity, material environment). Results and the utility of the…
Descriptors: Classroom Environment, College Faculty, College Science, College Students
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Moses, Ingrid – Higher Education, 1987
The institutionalization of faculty development policy and activities is compared for Australia, Great Britain, the United States, West Germany, and Sweden. The factors that precipitated the trend in each country are examined, and it is concluded that the reward systems in each country favor faculty research performance over teaching. (Author/MSE)
Descriptors: College Faculty, College Instruction, Comparative Education, Educational Change
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Ferris, James M. – Higher Education, 1991
Competition and government regulation in the Netherlands' and U.S. higher education systems are compared, and policy options to inject competitive dynamics into a highly regulated system are discussed. Policy options include demand-oriented policies (e.g., price changes, enrollment limits) and supply-oriented policies (e.g., institutional autonomy…
Descriptors: Comparative Education, Competition, Federal Regulation, Foreign Countries
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Green, Madeleine F. – Higher Education, 1995
Major changes in British higher education in the last five years are analyzed, including increasing student numbers, mandated government assessment, linking funding to assessment, modularized curriculum, and the competency movement. Comparisons are drawn with the United States, and the impact of the policy changes on one institution, the…
Descriptors: Change Strategies, College Curriculum, Comparative Education, Curriculum Development
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Van Vught, Frans A.; Westerheijden, Don. F. – Higher Education, 1994
A model of quality assessment for higher education that incorporates both accountability (representing extrinsic values) and peer-review/collegiality (reflecting intrinsic values) is outlined. It is presented in both a historical context and the context of experiences with quality assessment in North America and Western Europe. (Author/MSE)
Descriptors: Accountability, College Outcomes Assessment, Collegiality, Comparative Education
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Geiger, Roger L. – Higher Education, 1988
Three structural divisions between private and public sectors of higher education are compared: mass private and restricted public sectors; parallel public and private sectors; and, comprehensive public and peripheral private sectors. The private sectors are contrasted in terms of state authority, financial constraints, the student marketplace or…
Descriptors: Capital, Change, Comparative Analysis, Comparative Education
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Windolf, Paul – Higher Education, 1992
The relationship between business cycles and expansion in higher education in 1870-1985 is analyzed and compared for Germany, Italy, France, the United States, and Japan. In most countries, expansion corresponded to economic recession. Spectral analysis, used to explore the cyclical character of the phenomenon, was found to be a powerful…
Descriptors: Business Cycles, Comparative Education, Economic Climate, Educational Change
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Lysons, Art; Hatherly, David – Higher Education, 1992
An approach to organizational effectiveness in higher education developed in the United States was applied to institutions in the United Kingdom and Australia to establish a basis for policy and organizational analysis. Higher reliability was found for the United Kingdom than for Australia, apparently related to cultural differences regarding…
Descriptors: Administrative Organization, Comparative Analysis, Comparative Education, Cultural Context
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