ERIC Number: EJ1171288
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018
Abstractor: As Provided
Comparative Study of Middle School Students' Attitudes towards Science: Rasch Analysis of Entire TIMSS 2011 Attitudinal Data for England, Singapore and the U.S.A. as Well as Psychometric Properties of Attitudes Scale
Oon, Pey Tee; Subramaniam, R.
International Journal of Science Education, v40 n3 p268-290 2018
We report here on a comparative study of middle school students' attitudes towards science involving three countries: England, Singapore and the U.S.A. Complete attitudinal data sets from TIMSS (Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study) 2011 were used, thus giving a very large sample size (N = 20,246), compared to other studies in the journal literature. The Rasch model was used to analyse the data, and the findings have shed some useful light on not only how the Western and Asian students responded on a comparative basis in the various scales related to attitudes but also on the validity, reliability, and unidimensionality of the attitudes instrument used in TIMSS 2011. There may be a need for TIMSS test developers to consider doing away with negatively phrased items in the attitudes instrument and phrasing these positively as the Rasch framework shows that response bias is associated with these statements.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Comparative Education, Middle School Students, Student Attitudes, Scientific Attitudes, Mathematics Achievement, Mathematics Tests, Science Achievement, Elementary Secondary Education, Achievement Tests, Science Tests, International Assessment, Item Response Theory, Test Validity, Test Reliability, Test Items, Test Bias, Psychometrics, Grade 8
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Middle Schools
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom (England); Singapore; United States
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study