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Showing 1 to 15 of 77 results Save | Export
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Beck, Colin J.; Miner, Emily – Social Forces, 2013
This study examines formal terrorism designations by governments through the lens of organization studies research on categorization processes. It is argued that designations hinge on markers from the organizational profile of a militant group. Using cross-sectional data on militant organizations and designations by the United States, the United…
Descriptors: Terrorism, Foreign Countries, Gender Differences, Classification
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Sharone, Ofer – Social Forces, 2013
This article provides a new account of American job seekers' individualized understandings of their labor-market difficulties, and more broadly, of how structural conditions shape subjective responses. Unemployed white-collar workers in the U.S. tend to interpret their labor market difficulties as reflecting flaws in themselves, while Israelis…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, White Collar Occupations, Social Support Groups, Interviews
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McDonald, Steve; Benton, Richard A.; Warner, David F. – Social Forces, 2012
Drawing on the embeddedness, varieties of capitalism and macrosociological life course perspectives, we examine how institutional arrangements affect network-based job finding behaviors in the United States and Germany. Analysis of cross-national survey data reveals that informal job matching is highly clustered among specific types of individuals…
Descriptors: Labor Market, Foreign Countries, Social Systems, Social Networks
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Avent-Holt, Dustin; Tomaskovic-Devey, Donald – Social Forces, 2012
We examine the relational model of inequality using samples of employer-employee matched data from manufacturing plants in the United States and Japan. We argue that gender is a salient status characteristic in both the United States and Japan, but because of differences in gender politics, wage inequality will vary more across U.S. workplaces…
Descriptors: Salary Wage Differentials, Diversity (Institutional), Manufacturing, Foreign Countries
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Dwyer, Rachel E.; McCloud, Laura; Hodson, Randy – Social Forces, 2012
The goal of "college-for-all" in the United States has been pursued in an environment of rising tuition, stagnant grant aid and already strapped family budgets with the gap filled by college loans. College students are thus facing increasing levels of debt as they seek to develop their human capital and improve their career options. Debt…
Descriptors: Human Capital, Income, Debt (Financial), Risk
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Bartley, Tim; Child, Curtis – Social Forces, 2011
How do social movements influence corporations? Recent work suggests that movements can inflict material damage on their targets and shape categories of evaluation in organizational fields. Extending these ideas, we examine the effects of anti-sweatshop campaigns on sales, stock performance, reputation and specialized ratings of U.S. firms, using…
Descriptors: Corporations, Business, Regression (Statistics), Evaluation
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Hamilton, Erin R.; Villarreal, Andres – Social Forces, 2011
Past research on international migration from Mexico to the United States uses geographically-limited data and analyzes emigrant-sending communities in isolation. Theories supported by this research may not explain urban emigration, and this research does not consider connections between rural and urban Mexico. In this study we use national data…
Descriptors: Labor Market, Foreign Countries, Immigration, Mexicans
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Parisi, Domenico; Lichter, Daniel T.; Taquino, Michael C. – Social Forces, 2011
America's changing color line is perhaps best expressed in shifting patterns of neighborhood residential segregation--the geographic separation of races. This research evaluates black exceptionalism by using the universe of U.S. blocks from the 1990 and 2000 decennial censuses to provide a "single" geographically inclusive national…
Descriptors: Residential Patterns, Neighborhoods, Racial Segregation, Geographic Location
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Park, Hyunjoon; Kyei, Pearl – Social Forces, 2011
Existing cross-national research on educational attainment does not fully address whether the same level of educational attainment generates the same level of literacy skills in different countries. We analyze literacy skills data for young adults from 19 countries in the 1994-1998 International Adult Literacy Survey and find that in all…
Descriptors: Educational Attainment, International Studies, Adult Literacy, Correlation
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Staff, Jeremy; Harris, Angel; Sabates, Ricardo; Briddell, Laine – Social Forces, 2010
Many youth in the United States lack clear occupational aspirations. This uncertainty in achievement ambitions may benefit socio-economic attainment if it signifies "role exploration," characterized by career development, continued education and enduring partnerships. By contrast, uncertainty may diminish attainment if it instead leads…
Descriptors: Occupational Aspiration, Career Development, Longitudinal Studies, Adolescents
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Borch, Casey; Wallace, Michael – Social Forces, 2010
Using growth curve modeling techniques, this research investigates whether military spending improved or worsened the economic well-being of citizens within the American states during the post-Vietnam War period. We empirically test the military Keynesianism claim that military spending improves the economic conditions of citizens through its use…
Descriptors: National Security, Hypothesis Testing, Armed Forces, Weapons
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Clark, Shelley; Kenney, Catherine – Social Forces, 2010
Furstenberg et al. (1995) suggested that one unanticipated consequence of current high levels of divorce might be a "matrilineal tilt" in intergenerational wealth flows. This research uses six waves of the Health and Retirement Survey (1992 to 2002) to investigate this possibility with respect to financial transfers from parents to their…
Descriptors: Demography, Family Financial Resources, Financial Support, Divorce
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Mouw, Ted; Kalleberg, Arne L. – Social Forces, 2010
To what extent did the increase in wage inequality among men in the United States over the past three decades result from job loss and/or employment instability? We propose a simple method for decomposing the change in wage inequality into components due to upward and downward between-employer mobility and within-employer wage changes using data…
Descriptors: Salary Wage Differentials, Males, Occupational Mobility, Change
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Carnabuci, Gianluca – Social Forces, 2010
We show that the progress of technological knowledge is an inherently ecological process, wherein the growth rate of each technology domain depends on dynamics occurring in "other" technology domains. We identify two sources of ecological interdependence among technology domains. First, there are symbiotic interdependencies, implying…
Descriptors: Technological Advancement, Development, Competition, Ecology
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Musick, Kelly; England, Paula; Edgington, Sarah; Kangas, Nicole – Social Forces, 2009
Using a hazards framework and panel data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (1979-2004), we analyze the fertility patterns of a recent cohort of white and black women in the United States. We examine how completed fertility varies by women's education, differentiating between intended and unintended births. We find that the education…
Descriptors: Wages, Females, Educational Attainment, Pregnancy
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