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Lambert, Michael Canute; And Others – Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 1996
Behavior problems reported by teachers for 359 Jamaican and 665 U.S. children ages 6 to 11 were compared. In conjunction with previous research, results suggest that Jamaican children find school exceptionally stressful, although overall findings demonstrate the considerable similarity of teacher-reported problems across cultures. (SLD)
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Comparative Analysis, Cross Cultural Studies, Educational Environment
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Cogan, Jeanine C.; And Others – Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 1996
College students in Ghana (n=349) and the United States (n=219) completed questionnaires about perceptions about weight, dieting, and ideal bodies. Students in Ghana were more accepting of large body size. Findings illustrated that perceptions of ideal body size and corresponding behaviors are influenced by culture and gender. (SLD)
Descriptors: Behavior Patterns, Body Image, College Students, Comparative Analysis
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Hammer, Mitchell R.; And Others – Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 1996
Examines the influence of situational prototypes on 3 dimensions of the intercultural communication competence of 1,002 American college students facing aspects of Japanese culture in 2 experiments and 44 scenarios. Overall, there were significant differences for each of the three measures of intercultural communication competence across the four…
Descriptors: College Students, Communication (Thought Transfer), Comparative Analysis, Competence
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Lee, Hyun O.; Boster, Franklin J. – Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 1992
Compares the relative effects of speech rate in Korea and the United States for perceptions of the speaker's credibility. Using a 3-way factorial design, data for 120 university students from each country indicate that rapid delivery can enhance one's credibility in the United States and among female Korean speakers. (SLD)
Descriptors: College Students, Credibility, Cross Cultural Studies, Cultural Influences
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Blinco, Priscilla M. A. – Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 1992
Tests the hypothesis that Japanese children demonstrate higher task persistence under non-competitive conditions than do their U.S. peers. Comparison of 107 first graders in Japan and 86 in the United States supports the study hypothesis. Type of school and student gender have no significant effect on task persistence. (SLD)
Descriptors: Behavior Patterns, Comparative Analysis, Cross Cultural Studies, Cultural Differences
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Harris, Richard Jackson; And Others – Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 1992
Examines some effects of culturally based knowledge on memory for stories about people performing common activities. Results with monocultural U.S. college students (n=176) and Mexican citizens (n=57) suggest that any theory of the effects of script-based knowledge on memory must consider the cultural origin of the knowledge. (SLD)
Descriptors: Adults, College Students, Cross Cultural Studies, Cultural Awareness
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Kurachi, Akemi – Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 1984
Role functions and interpersonal perceptions of parents and preschool teachers in Japan and the United States were explored. Locus of responsibility and behavioral variables were defined. Multivariate analyses of variance showed a significant main effect for culture and strong interaction effects between culture and the derived dimensions.…
Descriptors: Cultural Differences, Mothers, Parent Attitudes, Parent Child Relationship
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Bluen, Stephen D.; Barling, Julian – Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 1983
Examines the factor structure of the Survey of Work Values for a sample of White South African males. States that number of factors and item composition of factors differed from results of previous research due to cultural differences between South African and American samples. (CMG)
Descriptors: Cross Cultural Studies, Cultural Differences, Cultural Influences, Factor Analysis
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Park, Jong Young; Johnson, Ronald C. – Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 1984
Among Koreans tested on Rest's Defining Issues Test, females, urban people, and older subjects showed significantly more responses demonstrating principled morality than did males, rural people, and younger subjects. Comparisons with American results showed greater age differences in stages of moral development among Americans. Both groups showed…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Age Differences, Children, Cross Cultural Studies
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Jaquish, Gail A.; Ripple, Richard E. – Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 1984
Results of a cross-cultural replication study to assess divergent thinking in preadolescents and adolescents in Hong Kong showed adolescents scoring significantly higher on the measures used--fluency, flexibility, and originality of thought. No significant sex differences are shown. Results are compared with results of a similar study of…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Age Differences, Cross Cultural Studies, Divergent Thinking
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Insua, Ana Maria – Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 1983
Compared scores of Argentines and North Americans on the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (revised version). Americans were found to perform significantly better in Vocabulary, Arithmetic, Similarities, and Digit Symbol subtests (perhaps related to their higher average school level), but no cultural differences in factor structures were found.…
Descriptors: Cross Cultural Studies, Cultural Differences, Educational Attainment, Factor Structure
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Johnson, Dale L.; And Others – Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 1983
Measured children's anxiety and restrictiveness in parent-child relations in samples from three countries. Found that within nations, relationships between anxiety and restrictiveness varied greatly. Also, in Mexico, anxiety was associated with low restrictiveness, while in Norway it was associated with high restrictiveness. Few significant…
Descriptors: Anxiety, Cross Cultural Studies, Family Environment, Foreign Countries
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Sinha, Sudha R. – Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 1985
A study comparing Japanese and American mothers' regulation of their children's behavior was replicated in India. Whereas the Americans used their own authority and power for compliance from the children, the Indians and Japanese reported appeals based on feelings and consequences. But, unlike the Japanese and Americans, the Indians used a…
Descriptors: Child Rearing, Cross Cultural Studies, Cultural Differences, Discipline
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Eisenberg, Nancy; And Others – Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 1985
Describes a study of German children's moral reasoning about prosocial conflicts, and of the interrelations of moral reasoning and prosocial behavior. Reports that hedonistic reasoning decreased from preschool to fourth grade, but direct reciprocity, needs-oriented, and approval/interpersonal reasoning, and reasoning involving references to…
Descriptors: Children, Cross Cultural Studies, Elementary Education, Foreign Countries
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Nishida, Hiroko; Hammer, Mitchell R.; Wiseman, Richard L. – Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 1998
Results of a study involving 340 Japanese and 272 U.S. college students and another study with 206 Japanese and 681 U.S. college students found that 21 scenarios did contain different Japanese and American behavioral rules. Results of the second study showed the multidimensionality of the behavioral rules and the difficulties of intercultural…
Descriptors: Behavior Patterns, Cognitive Processes, College Students, Cross Cultural Studies
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