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Showing 1 to 15 of 67 results Save | Export
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Grasby, Katrina L.; Coventry, William L.; Byrne, Brian; Olson, Richard K. – Child Development, 2019
Socioeconomic status (SES) has been found to moderate the influence of genes and the environment on cognitive ability, such that genetic influence is greater when SES is higher, and the shared environment is greater when SES is lower, but not in all Western countries. The effects of both family and school SES on the heritability of literacy and…
Descriptors: Socioeconomic Status, Literacy, Numeracy, Foreign Countries
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DeJesus, Jasmine M.; Hwang, Hyesung G.; Dautel, Jocelyn B.; Kinzler, Katherine D. – Child Development, 2018
Adults implicitly judge people from certain social backgrounds as more "American" than others. This study tests the development of children's reasoning about nationality and social categories. Children across cultures (White and Korean American children in the United States, Korean children in South Korea) judged the nationality of…
Descriptors: North Americans, English, Native Speakers, Child Development
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McCrink, Koleen; Caldera, Christina; Shaki, Samuel – Child Development, 2018
American and Israeli toddler-caregiver dyads (mean age of toddler = 26 months) were presented with naturalistic tasks in which they must watch a short video (N = 97) or concoct a visual story together (N = 66). English-speaking American caregivers were more likely to use left to right spatial structuring than right to left, especially for…
Descriptors: Spatial Ability, Attention, Parent Child Relationship, Interaction
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Tropp, Linda R.; O'Brien, Thomas C.; González Gutierrez, Roberto; Valdenegro, Daniel; Migacheva, Katya; de Tezanos-Pinto, Pablo; Berger, Christian; Cayul, Oscar – Child Development, 2016
This research tests how perceived school and peer norms predict interethnic experiences among ethnic minority and majority youth. With studies in Chile (654 nonindigenous and 244 Mapuche students, M = 11.20 and 11.31 years) and the United States (468 non-Hispanic White and 126 Latino students, M = 11.66 and 11.68 years), cross-sectional results…
Descriptors: Ethnic Groups, Minority Group Students, Prediction, Peer Groups
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Cheung, Cecilia S.; Pomerantz, Eva M.; Wang, Meifang; Qu, Yang – Child Development, 2016
Research comparing the predictive power of parents' control and autonomy support in the United States and China has relied almost exclusively on children's reports. Such reports may lead to inaccurate conclusions if they do not reflect parents' practices to the same extent in the two countries. A total of 394 American and Chinese children…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Parenting Styles, Personal Autonomy, Cross Cultural Studies
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Barrett, H. Clark; Peterson, Christopher D.; Frankenhuis, Willem E. – Child Development, 2016
Cultural transmission is often viewed as a domain-general process. However, a growing literature suggests that learnability is influenced by content and context. The idea of a learnability landscape is introduced as a way of representing the effects of interacting factors on how easily information is acquired. Extending prior work (Barrett &…
Descriptors: Cultural Influences, Urban Areas, Cross Cultural Studies, Children
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Sánchez Tapia, Ingrid; Gelman, Susan A.; Hollander, Michelle A.; Manczak, Erika M.; Mannheim, Bruce; Escalante, Carmen – Child Development, 2016
Teleological reasoning involves the assumption that entities exist for a purpose (giraffes have long necks for reaching leaves). This study examines how teleological reasoning relates to cultural context, by studying teleological reasoning in 61 Quechua-speaking Peruvian preschoolers (M[subscript age] = 5.3 years) and adults in an indigenous…
Descriptors: Cultural Influences, Preschool Children, Adults, Indigenous Populations
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Posada, German; Trumbell, Jill; Noblega, Magaly; Plata, Sandra; Peña, Paola; Carbonell, Olga A.; Lu, Ting – Child Development, 2016
This study tested whether maternal sensitivity and child security are related during early childhood and whether such an association is found in different cultural and social contexts. Mother-child dyads (N = 237) from four different countries (Colombia, Mexico, Peru, and the United States) were observed in naturalistic settings when children were…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Mothers, Parent Child Relationship, Security (Psychology)
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Ng, Florrie Fei-Yin; Sze, Irene Nga-Lam; Tamis-LeMonda, Catherine S.; Ruble, Diane N. – Child Development, 2017
Academic socialization by low-income immigrant mothers from Mainland China was investigated in two studies. Immigrant Chinese mothers of first graders (n = 52; M[subscript age] = 38.69) in the United States (Study 1) and kindergartners (n = 86; M[subscript age] = 36.81) in Hong Kong (Study 2) tell stories that emphasized achieving the best grade…
Descriptors: Immigrants, Asians, Socialization, Low Income Groups
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Shneidman, Laura; Gweon, Hyowon; Schulz, Laura E.; Woodward, Amanda L. – Child Development, 2016
How does early social experience affect children's inferences and exploration? Following prior work on children's reasoning in pedagogical contexts, this study examined U.S. children with less experience in formal schooling and Yucatec Mayan children whose early social input is predominantly observational. In Experiment 1, U.S. 2-year-olds…
Descriptors: Social Experience, Inferences, Social Development, Cross Cultural Studies
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Smetana, Judith G.; Wong, Mun; Ball, Courtney; Yau, Jenny – Child Development, 2014
A total of 267 five-, seven-, and ten-year-olds (M = 7.62), 147 in Hong Kong and 120 in the United States, evaluated hypothetical personal (and moral) events described as either essential or peripheral to actors' identity. Except for young Chinese in the peripheral condition, straightforward personal events were overwhelmingly evaluated as…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Children, Self Concept, Compliance (Psychology)
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Posada, German; Lu, Ting; Trumbell, Jill; Kaloustian, Garene; Trudel, Marcel; Plata, Sandra J.; Peña, Paola P.; Perez, Jennifer; Tereno, Susana; Dugravier, Romain; Coppola, Gabrielle; Constantini, Alessandro; Cassibba, Rosalinda; Kondo-Ikemura, Kiyomi; Nóblega, Magaly; Haya, Ines M.; Pedraglio, Claudia; Verissimo, Manuela; Santos, Antonio J.; Monteiro, Ligia; Lay, Keng-Ling – Child Development, 2013
The evolutionary rationale offered by Bowlby implies that secure base relationships are common in child-caregiver dyads and thus, child secure behavior observable across diverse social contexts and cultures. This study offers a test of the universality hypothesis. Trained observers in nine countries used the Attachment Q-set to describe the…
Descriptors: Cross Cultural Studies, Child Behavior, Caregiver Child Relationship, Child Development
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Qin, Lili; Pomerantz, Eva M. – Child Development, 2013
This research examined the reciprocal pathways between youth's sense of responsibility to parents and disclosure to them during early adolescence in the United States and China. Four times over the seventh and eighth grades, 825 American and Chinese youth (M[subscript age] = 12.73 years) reported on their sense of responsibility to parents and…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Early Adolescents, Child Responsibility, Self Disclosure (Individuals)
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Benson, Mark J.; Buehler, Cheryl – Child Development, 2012
Beginning in sixth grade at an average age of 11.9 years, 416 adolescents and their parents participated in 4 waves of data collection involving family observations and multiple-reporter assessments. Ecological theory and the process-person-context-time (PPCT) model guided the hypotheses and analyses. Lagged, growth curve models revealed that…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Age, Aggression, Grade 6
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Washbrook, Elizabeth; Waldfogel, Jane; Bradbury, Bruce; Corak, Miles; Ghanghro, Ali A. – Child Development, 2012
In spite of important differences in some of the resources immigrant parents have to invest in their children, and in immigrant selection rules and settlement policies, there are significant similarities in the relative positions of 4- and 5-year-old children of immigrants in Australia, Canada, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Children…
Descriptors: Immigrants, Foreign Countries, Official Languages, Child Development
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