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Bontempo, Robert – Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 1993
Describes a method for assessing the quality of translations based on item response theory (IRT). Results from the IRT technique with French and Chinese versions of a scale measuring individualism-collectivism for samples of 250 U.S., 357 French, and 290 Chinese undergraduates show how several biased items are detected. (SLD)
Descriptors: Chinese, Comparative Testing, Cross Cultural Studies, Foreign Countries
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Domino, George – Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 1992
Studies whether Chinese children are more cooperative, whereas U.S. children are more competitive, using 76 10- to 12-year-old children in each country. Results using the Social Values Task indicate that Chinese children favor strategies that result in equality and group enhancement, and U.S. children favor individualistic and competitive…
Descriptors: Behavior Patterns, Chinese, Competition, Cooperation
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Lee, Yueh-Ting; Ottati, Victor – Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 1993
Investigates familiarity as a determinant of perceptions of group heterogeneity, the objective level of heterogeneity characteristic of the target group, and the tendency for perceivers to see social groups consistently with 182 Chinese and 182 American college students and some teachers. Cultural differences in judgments are explored. (SLD)
Descriptors: Classification, College Students, Cross Cultural Studies, Cultural Differences
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Sodowsky, Gargi Roysircar; And Others – Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 1994
World views of 109 white American, 67 mainland Chinese, 28 Taiwanese, and 40 Africans were investigated. White Americans differed from the other groups in the primacy given individual goals in interpersonal relationships and the value given the "doing" modality. Suggestions are given for a model of world views across cultures. (SLD)
Descriptors: Cross Cultural Studies, Cultural Differences, Foreign Countries, Graduate Students
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Xiang, Ping; Lee, Amelia M.; Solmon, Melinda A. – Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 1997
Examined achievement goals and their correlates in physical education in 180 Chinese students and 121 Anglo-American students in grades 4, 5, and 6. The same two-dimensional factor structure of goal orientation (task and ego orientation) cut across the two cultural groups in physical education, but relationships seemed to vary as a function of…
Descriptors: Achievement, Anglo Americans, Chinese, Cultural Differences
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Earley, P. Christopher; Gibson, Cristina B.; Chen, Chao C. – Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 1999
Studied the sampling-probability hypothesis of cultural influence of H. Triandis by examining the relationship of cultural values and performance feedback referents to an individual's self-efficacy for 92 American, 66 mainland Chinese, and 70 Czech managers. Discusses results with regard to a general model of self-efficacy and culture in an…
Descriptors: Administrators, Cross Cultural Studies, Cultural Differences, Feedback