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ERIC Number: EJ1220004
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2019
Pages: 24
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0022-1546
Stratified University Strategies: The Shaping of Institutional Legitimacy in a Global Perspective
Stensaker, Bjørn; Lee, Jenny J.; Rhoades, Gary; Ghosh, Sowmya; Castiello-Gutiérrez, Santiago; Vance, Hillary; Çalikoglu, Alper; Kramer, Vannessa; Liu, Shuiyun; Marei, Mahmoud Sayed; O'Toole, Leslie; Pavlyutkin, Ivan; Peel, Cassandra
Journal of Higher Education, v90 n4 p539-562 2019
Globalizing forces have both transformed the higher education sector and made it increasingly homogenous. Growing similarities among universities have been attributed to isomorphic pressures to ensure and/or enhance legitimacy by imitating higher education institutions that are perceived as successful internationally, particularly universities that are highly ranked globally (Cantwell & Kauppinen, 2014; DiMaggio and Powell, 1983). In this study, we compared the strategic plans of 78 high-ranked, low-ranked, and unranked universities in 33 countries in 9 regions of the world. In analyzing the plans of these 78 universities, the study explored patterns of similarity and difference in universities' strategic positioning according to Suchman's (1995) 3 types of legitimacy: cognitive, pragmatic, and moral. We found evidence of stratified university strategies in a global higher education landscape that varied by institutional status. In offering a corrective to neoinstitutional theory, we suggest that patterns of globalization are mediated by status-based differences in aspirational behavior (Riesman, 1958) and "old institutional" forces (Stinchcombe, 1997) that contribute to differently situated universities pursuing new paths in seeking to build external legitimacy.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United States; Canada; China; Israel; Colombia; Chile; United Kingdom; Singapore; South Africa; Turkey; Morocco; Kenya; Norway; India; Italy; Japan; Sweden