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Travers, Jason C.; Krezmien, Michael P.; Mulcahy, Candace; Tincani, Matthew – Journal of Special Education, 2014
Evidence of disparate identification of autism at national and local levels is accumulating, but there is little understanding about disparate identification of autism at the state level. This study examined trends in state-level administrative identification of autism under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. Prevalence rates and…
Descriptors: Racial Differences, Racial Bias, Disproportionate Representation, Autism
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Morrier, Michael J.; Hess, Kristen L. – Journal of Special Education, 2012
This study investigates ethnic differences for 295,945 children and youth with an autism eligibility reported to the U.S. Department of Education (USDOE) by 49 states plus the District of Columbia. Data analyses used relative difference, risk index, and risk ratio (RR). Results indicate that 80% of states report underrepresentation across…
Descriptors: Eligibility, Autism, Disproportionate Representation, Disability Identification
Maxwell, Lesli A.; Shah, Nirvi – Education Week, 2012
Accurately identifying English-language learner (ELL) students who also need special education services has long been a problem for educators. Historically, English-learners were overrepresented in special education, but litigation and civil rights complaints have, in more recent years, led to an equally troubling problem with identifying too few…
Descriptors: Disabilities, Disproportionate Representation, Special Needs Students, Disability Identification
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Fitzgerald, Terence D. – Urban Education, 2009
Public schools have historically embedded mechanisms for control within their policies and procedures through a variety of means. This article investigates a moderately sized integrated public school system in an upscale to low socioeconomic Big Ten university community in Illinois. Through descriptive measures, the author examines the racial…
Descriptors: Social Behavior, Social Control, Disabilities, Social Structure
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McCall, Zach; Skrtic, Thomas M. – Multiple Voices for Ethnically Diverse Exceptional Learners, 2009
The disproportionate representation of poor, working class, and racial/ethnic minority students in special education is a wicked policy problem because its formulation involves choosing among alternative problem interpretations and associated consequences. Integrating the work of Patricia Hill Collins and Nancy Fraser, the authors propose…
Descriptors: Working Class, Civil Rights, Disproportionate Representation, Institutional Role
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Artiles, Alfredo J. – Multiple Voices for Ethnically Diverse Exceptional Learners, 2009
In this article, I propose a model to re-frame disproportionality research, which addresses key limitations in this literature. I present a brief overview of the problem and situate it in the historical context in which race and ability became intertwined. I then argue that a cultural-historical understanding of disproportionality requires…
Descriptors: Historical Interpretation, Race, Disproportionate Representation, Disabilities
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Harry, Beth; Klingner,Janette – Educational Leadership, 2007
The main criterion for eligibility for special education services in schools has been proof of intrinsic deficit. There are two problems with this focus: First, defining and identifying high-incidence disabilities are ambiguous and subjective processes. Second, the focus on disability has become so intertwined with the historical devaluing of…
Descriptors: Early Intervention, Minority Groups, Special Education, African American Students
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Greene, Jay P. – Peabody Journal of Education, 2007
The current system of educating disabled students provides financial incentives to schools to overidentify students as disabled and underserve those that are identified. The incentive to overidentify is caused by providing schools with additional funds as more students are placed in special education categories that are ambiguous to diagnose and…
Descriptors: Private Schools, Incentives, Disproportionate Representation, Disabilities
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Gresham, Frank M. – Education & Treatment of Children, 2005
Children and youth exhibiting serious emotional, behavioral, and interpersonal problems create substantial challenges for schools, teachers, their parents, and other students. Stu-dents having these characteristics are often underserved or unserved by educational and mental health systems in the United States. Recent prevalence rates for children…
Descriptors: Emotional Disturbances, Disability Identification, Behavior Disorders, Student Behavior