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Zirkel, Perry A. – Journal for the Education of the Gifted, 2016
This update of the legislation/regulations and case law specific to pre-K-12 gifted students since a cluster of publications in 2004-2005 primarily focuses on the "gifted alone" category, with only secondary attention to twice-exceptional and other students in the "gifted plus" category. For the gifted-alone category, the…
Descriptors: Gifted, Exceptional Child Research, Educational Legislation, Court Litigation
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Björn, Piia M.; Aro, Mikko T.; Koponen, Tuire K.; Fuchs, Lynn S.; Fuchs, Douglas H. – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2016
Response to intervention (RTI) can be considered an everyday practice in many parts of the United States, whereas, in Finland, only recently has a new framework for support in learning taken shape. Choosing Finland as the comparative partner for this policy paper is justified as its educational system has been widely referenced on the basis of…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Response to Intervention, Special Education, International Assessment
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Travers, Jason C.; Krezmien, Michael P.; Mulcahy, Candace; Tincani, Matthew – Journal of Special Education, 2014
Evidence of disparate identification of autism at national and local levels is accumulating, but there is little understanding about disparate identification of autism at the state level. This study examined trends in state-level administrative identification of autism under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. Prevalence rates and…
Descriptors: Racial Differences, Racial Bias, Disproportionate Representation, Autism
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Hill, Doris Adams; Sukbunpant, Sasipin – International Journal of Special Education, 2013
The history of special education in the United States and Thailand has followed a similar path in many ways. Both countries made compulsory education mandatory to move in a positive direction in providing special education services to children with disabilities including the provision of services for children with ASD or Autism. In Thailand,…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Comparative Education, Disabilities
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Morrier, Michael J.; Hess, Kristen L. – Journal of Special Education, 2012
This study investigates ethnic differences for 295,945 children and youth with an autism eligibility reported to the U.S. Department of Education (USDOE) by 49 states plus the District of Columbia. Data analyses used relative difference, risk index, and risk ratio (RR). Results indicate that 80% of states report underrepresentation across…
Descriptors: Eligibility, Autism, Disproportionate Representation, Disability Identification
Maxwell, Lesli A.; Shah, Nirvi – Education Week, 2012
Accurately identifying English-language learner (ELL) students who also need special education services has long been a problem for educators. Historically, English-learners were overrepresented in special education, but litigation and civil rights complaints have, in more recent years, led to an equally troubling problem with identifying too few…
Descriptors: Disabilities, Disproportionate Representation, Special Needs Students, Disability Identification
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Lynass, Lori; Tsai, Shu-Fei; Richman, Taylor D.; Cheney, Douglas – Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 2012
The three-tiered School-Wide Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports (SWPBIS) model is now being implemented in more than 13,000 schools in the United States (Horner, Sugai, & Anderson, 2010). One core feature of Tier One of the SWPBIS model is the identification of social expectations and behavior indicators across all school settings.…
Descriptors: Expectation, Intervention, Elementary Secondary Education, Student Behavior
LaFee, Scott – Education Digest: Essential Readings Condensed for Quick Review, 2011
Before the passage of the Education for All Handicapped Children Act in 1975, only one child with disabilities in five attended a public school, according to the U.S. Department of Education. Many states' policies explicitly excluded children with certain types of disabilities from their traditional schools, including children who were blind,…
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Physical Disabilities, Mental Retardation, Emotional Disturbances
Osborne, Allan G., Jr.; Russo, Charles J. – School Business Affairs, 2011
In most school systems in the United States, interscholastic sporting events and other extracurricular activities help bring people together while enhancing opportunities for students to become integral parts of their communities. Because of the important role that extracurricular activities, especially sports, play in the lives of students,…
Descriptors: Extracurricular Activities, Extramural Athletics, Individualized Education Programs, Individualized Programs
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Maor, Dorit; Currie, Jan; Drewry, Rachel – European Journal of Special Needs Education, 2011
Assistive technologies are often promoted to schools, parents and educators as tools to assist students with special needs by providing a compensatory value, to remediate learning problems and to promote personal independence. These technologies range from simple spellcheckers to more complex speech recognition systems and educational software.…
Descriptors: Spelling, Assistive Technology, Disabilities, Educational Technology
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Musson, Jane E.; Thomas, Megan K.; Towles-Reeves, Elizabeth; Kearns, Jacqueline F. – Journal of Special Education, 2010
The purpose of this study was to examine all states' participation guidelines for alternate assessments based on alternate achievement standards (AA-AAS) and to analyze these guidelines for common and contrasting themes. State alternate assessment participation guidelines were found for all 50 states. Participation guidelines were coded, and 12…
Descriptors: Alternative Assessment, Disabilities, Guidelines, Qualitative Research
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Huang, Leesa V.; Bardos, Achilles N.; D'Amato, Rik Carl – Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 2010
The detection of cognitive patterns in children with learning disabilities (LD) has been a priority in the identification process. Subtest profile analysis from traditional cognitive assessment has drawn sharp criticism for inaccurate identification and weak connections to educational planning. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to use a new…
Descriptors: Educational Planning, Learning Disabilities, Cognitive Tests, Identification
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Zirkel, Perry A.; Thomas, Lisa B. – TEACHING Exceptional Children, 2010
Professionally, and ultimately legally, the definition of "specific learning disabilities" (SLD) has been "a long-standing source of controversy, conflict, and crisis." Yet students with SLD continue to be more numerous by far than any other group receiving special education services. The long-time controversy concerning the…
Descriptors: Intervention, Eligibility, Learning Disabilities, Laws
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Kummerer, Sharon Elizabeth – Intervention in School and Clinic, 2010
The American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (1996) estimated that 10% of the United States population has a disorder of speech, language, or hearing, with proportional distribution among members of racially and ethnically diverse groups. Individuals of Hispanic origin are the fastest-growing minority group in the country. Current national…
Descriptors: Articulation (Speech), Articulation Impairments, Learning Disabilities, Language Impairments
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Wiliam, Dylan – Review of Research in Education, 2010
The idea that validity should be considered a property of inferences, rather than of assessments, has developed slowly over the past century. In early writings about the validity of educational assessments, validity was defined as a property of an assessment. The most common definition was that an assessment was valid to the extent that it…
Descriptors: Educational Assessment, Validity, Inferences, Construct Validity
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