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Fox, Robert A.; Buchanan, Nina K.; Eckes, Suzanne E.; Basford, Letitia E. – Review of Research in Education, 2012
When first conceived, charter schools were envisioned as local projects initiated by parents and/or groups of teachers seeking to improve the educational performance of students. In the past two decades, the phenomenon has expanded to more than 5% of all U.S. public schools and almost 3% of all students (Center for Education Reform [CER], 2009).…
Descriptors: Charter Schools, Goal Orientation, Educational Improvement, Ethnocentrism
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Freivogel, William H. – Social Education, 2011
History has placed the stamp of approval on the publication of the Pentagon Papers, the top-secret history of the Vietnam War. If WikiLeaks editor-in-chief Julian Assange is another Daniel Ellsberg, then it is possible the website's disclosures will be viewed over time as similarly in the public interest. A classroom discussion on the release of…
Descriptors: United States History, Foreign Countries, War, International Relations
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Hickman, Larry A. – Education and Culture, 2009
There seems to be an unwritten agreement among most Americans that there are three topics that are best avoided in polite company: (1) politics; (2) personal finances; and (3) religion. The American reluctance to discuss religion with acquaintances at a dinner party or picnic may be a part of a larger phenomenon: a manifestation of the secularism…
Descriptors: Religion, Constitutional Law, Religious Organizations, Interviews
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Greenleaf, Cynthia L.; Hinchman, Kathleen – Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy, 2009
This commentary invites Americans to confront what these authors view as the travesty that typically passes for literacy instruction for older youth in the United States who struggle with reading. In too many U.S. schools, these young people face an impoverished curriculum, receiving literacy instruction that is ill suited to their needs, or…
Descriptors: Literacy Education, Reading Difficulties, Secondary School Curriculum, Teaching Methods
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Mawdsley, Ralph D.; Cumming, Jacqueline Joy; de Waal, Elda – Education and the Law, 2008
Although the systems of public schools differ among Australia, South Africa and the USA, all three countries recognize that religion plays a significant role in determining values. All three countries have written constitutions but only South Africa and the USA have a Bill of Rights that protects persons' exercise of religious beliefs. In…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Role of Religion, Private Education, Public Schools
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Monseau, Susanna – Journal of Legal Studies Education, 2008
In the twenty-first century, differences in the treatment of trade in alcoholic beverages in comparison to other commercial goods seem at odds with the federal regulation of interstate trade under the Commerce Clause of the United States Constitution, which prohibits "differential treatment of in-state and out-of-state economic interests that…
Descriptors: Freedom of Speech, Barriers, Business, Drinking
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Russo, Charles J. – Education and the Law, 2007
As the most unionized segment of the public sector workforce in the USA, teachers and their bargaining representatives wield significant power in the world of educational labour relations and beyond. Yet, just as the First Amendment's freedom of association clause affords unions the right to exist, its concomitant recognition that employees are…
Descriptors: Constitutional Law, Court Litigation, Foreign Countries, Public Sector
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Gathegi, John N. – Library Quarterly, 2005
When dealing with First Amendment free speech issues in the context of public libraries, courts have merely cited the supposition that constitutional public forum analysis leads to the conclusion that the public library is a limited public forum for the purposes of First Amendment analysis. By focusing narrowly on the issue of whether Internet…
Descriptors: Public Libraries, Freedom of Speech, Constitutional Law, Court Litigation
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Chism, Kahlil – Social Education, 2005
This article discusses the constitutional amendment process. Although the process is not described in great detail, Article V of the United States Constitution allows for and provides instruction on amending the Constitution. While the amendment process currently consists of six steps, the Constitution is nevertheless quite difficult to change.…
Descriptors: Social Problems, War, Drinking, United States History
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Landman, James H. – Social Education, 2004
Images of heretics burning at the stake or of traitors being drawn, hanged, and quartered for disloyalty to the king seem well removed from twenty-first century America. Yet the laws that defined these offenses--which included heresy and blasphemy, sedition and treason--were at the heart of some of the most significant debates defining the shape…
Descriptors: Constitutional Law, History, Foreign Countries, Laws
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James, John T. – Catholic Education: A Journal of Inquiry and Practice, 2004
This article outlines the significant legal decisions regarding collective bargaining in Catholic schools, identifies the governance structures employed in Catholic schools and the methods of translating these governance structures into documents required by civil law, and concludes with the citation of two recent court decisions that demonstrate…
Descriptors: Collective Bargaining, Teaching (Occupation), Unions, Catholic Schools
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Baldwin, Gordon B. – Library Trends, 1996
Argues that the Library Bill of Rights aims to codify First Amendment doctrine and the interests of librarians but falls short. Law allows distinctions between government and private action and reaffirms the discretion of decision makers. The Library Bill of Rights, as shown in discussion of several court decisions, is often far more rigid.…
Descriptors: Administrator Role, Censorship, Civil Law, Civil Liberties