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Olson, Richard K.; Keenan, Janice M.; Byrne, Brian; Samuelsson, Stefan; Coventry, William L.; Corley, Robin; Wadsworth, Sally J.; Willcutt, Erik G.; DeFries, John C.; Pennington, Bruce F.; Hulslander, Jacqueline – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2011
Genetic and environmental relations between vocabulary and reading skills were explored longitudinally from preschool through Grades 2 and 4. At preschool there were strong shared-environment and weak genetic influences on both vocabulary and print knowledge but substantial differences in their source. Separation of etiology for vocabulary and…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Genetics, Word Recognition, Etiology
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Furnes, Bjarte; Samuelsson, Stefan – Learning and Individual Differences, 2011
In this study, the relationship between latent constructs of phonological awareness (PA) and rapid automatized naming (RAN) was investigated and related to later measures of reading and spelling in children learning to read in different alphabetic writing systems (i.e., Norwegian/Swedish vs. English). 750 U.S./Australian children and 230…
Descriptors: Reading Difficulties, Spelling, Phonological Awareness, Word Recognition
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Furnes, Bjarte; Samuelsson, Stefan – Dyslexia, 2010
In this study, predictors of reading and spelling difficulties among children learning more transparent (Norwegian/Swedish) and less transparent (English) orthographies were examined longitudinally from preschool through Grade 2 using parallel versions of tests. A series of logistic regression analysis indicated three main findings. First,…
Descriptors: Reading Difficulties, Spelling, Phonological Awareness, Grade 2
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Ebejer, Jane L.; Coventry, William L.; Byrne, Brian; Willcutt, Erik G.; Olson, Richard K.; Corley, Robin; Samuelsson, Stefan – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2010
Twin children from Australia, Scandinavia, and the United States were assessed for inattention, hyperactivity-impulsivity, and reading across the first 3 school years. Univariate behavior-genetic analyses indicated substantial heritability for all three variables in all years. Longitudinal analyses showed one genetic source operating across the…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Foreign Countries, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Genetic Disorders
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Furnes, Bjarte; Samuelsson, Stefan – Journal of Research in Reading, 2009
The importance of cognitive and language skills on reading and spelling development were investigated in a cross-linguistic longitudinal study of 737 English-speaking children (US/Australia) and 169 Scandinavian children (Norway/Sweden) from preschool to Kindergarten and Grade 1. The results revealed that phonological awareness and print knowledge…
Descriptors: Spelling, Early Reading, Linguistics, Phonological Awareness
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Samuelsson, Stefan; Byrne, Brian; Olson, Richard K.; Hulslander, Jacqueline; Wadsworth, Sally; Corley, Robin; Willcutt, Erik G.; DeFries, John C. – Learning and Individual Differences, 2008
Genetic and environmental influences on early reading and spelling at the end of kindergarten and Grade 1 were compared across three twin samples tested in the United States, Australia, and Scandinavia. Proportions of variance due to genetic influences on kindergarten reading were estimated at 0.84 in Australia, 0.68 in the U.S., and 0.33 in…
Descriptors: Twins, Spelling, Early Reading, Genetics
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Byrne, Brian; Samuelsson, Stefan; Wadsworth, Sally; Hulslander, Jacqueline; Corley, Robin; DeFries, John C.; Quain, Peter; Willcutt, Erik G.; Olson, Richard K. – Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 2007
Grade 1 literacy skills of twin children in Australia (New South Wales) and the United States (Colorado) were explored in a genetically sensitive design (N = 319 pairs). Analyses indicated strong genetic influence on word and nonword identification, reading comprehension, and spelling. Rapid naming showed more modest, though reliable, genetic…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Emergent Literacy, Preschool Children, Kindergarten
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Byrne, Brian; Olson, Richard K.; Samuelsson, Stefan; Wadsworth, Sally; Corley, Robin; DeFries, John C.; Willcutt, Erik – Journal of Research in Reading, 2006
Prereading and early reading skills of preschool twin children in Australia, Scandinavia and the United States were explored in a genetically sensitive design (max. N=627 preschool pairs and 422 kindergarten pairs). Analyses indicated a strong genetic influence on preschool phonological awareness, rapid naming and verbal memory. Print awareness,…
Descriptors: Genetics, Environmental Influences, Emergent Literacy, Twins