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Colwell, Richard – Arts Education Policy Review, 2019
As the title suggests, the author provides a description of an international effort to develop an understanding of the present depth and priority of arts policies. As arts policy is not limited to education but formulated at all levels of community, including unions, individuals, philanthropic organizations, and government agencies, policy often…
Descriptors: Art Education, Educational Policy, Educational Change, Accountability
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Ramsay, James O.; Wiberg, Marie – Journal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics, 2017
This article promotes the use of modern test theory in testing situations where sum scores for binary responses are now used. It directly compares the efficiencies and biases of classical and modern test analyses and finds an improvement in the root mean squared error of ability estimates of about 5% for two designed multiple-choice tests and…
Descriptors: Scoring, Test Theory, Computation, Maximum Likelihood Statistics
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Lim, Hwanggyu; Sireci, Stephen G. – Education Policy Analysis Archives, 2017
The Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) makes it possible to compare the performance of students in the US in Mathematics and Science to the performance of students in other countries. TIMSS uses four international benchmarks for describing student achievement: Low, Intermediate, High, and Advanced. In this study, we…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Mathematics Achievement, Mathematics Tests, International Assessment
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Hanushek, Eric A.; Ruhose, Jens; Woessmann, Ludger – Education Next, 2016
Congress passed the Every Student Succeeds Act, supplanting No Child Left Behind and placing responsibility for public school improvement squarely upon each of the 50 states. With the federal government's role in school accountability sharply diminished, it now falls to state and local governments to take decisive action. Even though most…
Descriptors: Educational Quality, Economic Impact, Academic Achievement, Educational Improvement
Dunst, Carl J.; Hamby, Deborah W. – Online Submission, 2016
The relationships between cumulative family risk factors and American students' academic performance were examined in all 50 States and the District of Columbia. Data from the 2007 "American Community Survey" were used to ascertain the percent of birth to 18 year old children in the United States who experienced three or more risk…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Risk, Family Characteristics, Family Influence
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Peterson, Paul E.; Barrows, Samuel; Gift, Thomas – Education Next, 2016
In spite of Tea Party criticism, union skepticism, and anti-testing outcries, the campaign to implement Common Core State Standards (otherwise known as Common Core) has achieved phenomenal success in statehouses across the country. Since 2011, 45 states have raised their standards for student proficiency in reading and math, with the greatest…
Descriptors: Common Core State Standards, Accountability, Program Effectiveness, Success
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Gándara, Fernanda; Randall, Jennifer – Education Policy Analysis Archives, 2015
This study investigates the relationship between school-level accountability practices and science achievement of 15-year-olds, across four counties: Australia, Korea, Portugal, and the United States. We used PISA 2006 data, since 2006 is the only administration that has focused on science. School-level accountability practices are here defined as…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Accountability, Science Achievement, Correlation
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Hanushek, Eric A.; Peterson, Paul E.; Woessmann, Ludger – Education Next, 2014
This article describes the grim sentiments from the U.S. Secretary of Education, Arne Duncan, when reviewing the poor results from the U.S. performance on the 2012 Program for International Student Assessment (PISA). He noted a straightforward and stark picture of educational stagnation--that fifteen-year-olds in the U.S. today are average in…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Adolescents, Science Achievement, Reading Achievement
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Griffore, Robert J.; Phenice, Lillian A.; Hsieh, Meng-Chuan – Journal of Research in Education, 2014
It is generally expected that funds invested in public instruction will strengthen pupil achievement. Similarly, it is expected that enrollments of young children in preschool education should lead to higher achievement. In a trend analysis, we examined three variables as predictors of grade 8 achievement in 2007: (1) state expenditures per…
Descriptors: Trend Analysis, Educational Finance, Academic Achievement, Public Education
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Wei, Thomas E. – Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 2012
Stereotype threat is frequently purported to be an important determinant of gender gaps in math. Unlike prior studies, which mostly occur in lab settings, I use data from the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP)--a large, representative assessment of U.S. children--where through a design quirk, students are randomly assigned test…
Descriptors: Stereotypes, Mathematics Achievement, Teacher Attitudes, Bias
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Greene, Jay P.; McGee, Josh B. – Education Next, 2012
American education has problems, almost everyone is willing to concede, but many think those problems are mostly concentrated in America's large urban school districts. In the elite suburbs, where wealthy and politically influential people tend to live, the schools are assumed to be world-class. Unfortunately, what everyone knows is wrong. Even…
Descriptors: Economic Progress, Urban Schools, Suburban Schools, Public Schools
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Reardon, Sean F.; Valentino, Rachel A.; Shores, Kenneth A. – Future of Children, 2012
How well do U.S. students read? In this article, Sean Reardon, Rachel Valentino, and Kenneth Shores rely on studies using data from national and international literacy assessments to answer this question. In part, the answer depends on the specific literacy skills assessed. The authors show that almost all U.S. students can "read" by…
Descriptors: Literacy, Reading Skills, Developed Nations, Race
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Dietel, Ron – Kappa Delta Pi Record, 2012
Even as the Internet and i-devices have changed so many parts of people's lives, educational testing has not changed substantially in decades. Though researchers and educators have for years raised ample concerns about existing tests, assessments have barely evolved. Further, despite years of expanded testing and greater school accountability,…
Descriptors: Student Evaluation, Teacher Effectiveness, Accountability, National Competency Tests
Smith, Margaret A. – School Administrator, 2012
The author's community, which includes parents of the 62,000 students who attend schools in Volusia County, Florida, has been baffled over the conflicting nature of Florida's school grading system of A, B, C, D, F based on the Florida Comprehensive Assessment Test, and the federal system of pass or fail. While many of the 80 schools in her…
Descriptors: Grading, Elementary Secondary Education, Federal Legislation, Advocacy
Boser, Ulrich; Rosenthal, Lindsay – Education Digest: Essential Readings Condensed for Quick Review, 2012
When the authors recently examined a federal survey of students in elementary and high schools around the country, they found that many students are not being challenged in school. Their findings include: (1) Many schools are not challenging students and large percentages of students report that their school work is "too easy"; (2) Many…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Teaching Methods, Student Surveys, Learner Engagement
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