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Liu, Huacong – OECD Publishing, 2018
This study uses the PIAAC data to examine the relationships between education system characteristics (e.g. early tracking and vocational education orientation) and distributions of adult numeracy skills. It also investigates the effects of postponing the tracking age and easing university access for students on a vocational track on the average…
Descriptors: Adult Literacy, Surveys, International Assessment, Educational Change
Borgonovi, Francesca; Choi, Álvaro; Paccagnella, Marco – OECD Publishing, 2018
Numeracy and literacy skills have become increasingly important in modern labour markets. The large gender differences that several studies have identified have therefore sparked considerable attention among researchers and policy makers. Little is known about the moment in which such gaps emerge, how they evolve and if their evolution differs…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Numeracy, Mathematics Skills, Literacy
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Hailemariam, Abebe – Journal of Education and Work, 2018
This article examines the long-run effect of higher education, measured in average years of tertiary schooling, on the level and growth rate of national per capita income. It uses an improved dataset on educational attainments which not only reduces measurement error but also overcomes data comparability issues and allows us to estimate the…
Descriptors: Outcomes of Education, Higher Education, Educational History, Human Capital
Goldhammer, Frank; Martens, Thomas; Christoph, Gabriela; Lüdtke, Oliver – OECD Publishing, 2016
In this study, we investigated how empirical indicators of test-taking engagement can be defined, empirically validated, and used to describe group differences in the context of the Programme of International Assessment of Adult Competences (PIAAC). The approach was to distinguish between disengaged and engaged response behavior by means of…
Descriptors: International Assessment, Adults, Response Style (Tests), Reaction Time
Kankaraš, Miloš; Montt, Guillermo; Paccagnella, Marco; Quintini, Glenda; Thorn, William – OECD Publishing, 2016
In the wake of the technological revolution that began in the last decades of the 20th century, labour market demand for information-processing and other high-level cognitive and interpersonal skills is growing substantially. The "Survey of Adult Skills," a product of the OECD Programme for the International Assessment of Adult…
Descriptors: Adults, Surveys, International Assessment, Literacy
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van Hek, Margriet; Kraaykamp, Gerbert; Wolbers, Maarten H. J. – Educational Research and Evaluation, 2016
Nowadays, women outperform men in educational attainment in many countries. Still, large variation between countries remains. Emancipatory contexts in which individuals are raised might explain these differences in male-female educational attainment, both over time and across countries. This study examines individual and contextual factors that…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Comparative Education, Gender Differences, Educational Attainment
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Smith, Thomas J.; Rose, Amy D.; Ross-Gordon, Jovita M.; Smith, M. Cecil – AERA Online Paper Repository, 2016
The present study examined an international sample of adults from the Survey of Adult Skills administered by the Program for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC; Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, 2009) to assess (1) how specific individual and country-level characteristics predict adult readiness to…
Descriptors: Adults, Learning Readiness, Global Approach, Individual Characteristics