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Showing all 14 results Save | Export
Kakarmath, Sujay; Denis, Vanessa; Encinas-Martin, Marta; Borgonovi, Francesca; Subramanian, S. V. – OECD Publishing, 2018
We assess the relationship between general literacy skills and health status by analysing data from the Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC), an international survey of about 250,000 adults aged 16-65 years conducted by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) from 2011-15 in 33…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Adult Literacy, Health, International Assessment
Borgonovi, Francesca; Choi, Álvaro; Paccagnella, Marco – OECD Publishing, 2018
Numeracy and literacy skills have become increasingly important in modern labour markets. The large gender differences that several studies have identified have therefore sparked considerable attention among researchers and policy makers. Little is known about the moment in which such gaps emerge, how they evolve and if their evolution differs…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Numeracy, Mathematics Skills, Literacy
OECD Publishing, 2018
Adult migrants in all OECD countries are a diverse group, with different profiles and levels of education. Even if they hold tertiary degrees, they are more likely to have poorer labour market outcomes, including lower earnings. Participation in the labour market is more difficult for foreign-born adults who arrived at a later age and acquired…
Descriptors: Educational Attainment, Employment, Immigrants, Income
Borgonovi, Francesca; Pokropek, Artur – OECD Publishing, 2017
The paper examines between-country differences in the mechanisms through which education could promote generalised trust using data from 29 countries participating in the OECD's Survey of Adult Skills (PIAAC). Results indicate that education is strongly associated with generalised trust and that a large part of this association is mediated by…
Descriptors: Trust (Psychology), International Assessment, Educational Attainment, Literacy
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Gorges, Julia; Koch, Tobias; Maehler, Débora B.; Offerhaus, Judith – Large-scale Assessments in Education, 2017
Background: Data from the Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC) revealed that countries systematically differ in their respondents' literacy, numeracy, and problem solving in technology-rich environments skills; skill levels also vary by gender, age, level of education or migration background. Similarly,…
Descriptors: International Assessment, Adults, Learning Motivation, Measures (Individuals)
Goldhammer, Frank; Martens, Thomas; Christoph, Gabriela; Lüdtke, Oliver – OECD Publishing, 2016
In this study, we investigated how empirical indicators of test-taking engagement can be defined, empirically validated, and used to describe group differences in the context of the Programme of International Assessment of Adult Competences (PIAAC). The approach was to distinguish between disengaged and engaged response behavior by means of…
Descriptors: International Assessment, Adults, Response Style (Tests), Reaction Time
Paccagnella, Marco – OECD Publishing, 2016
This paper presents a comprehensive analysis of the link between age and proficiency in information-processing skills, based on information drawn from the Survey of Adult Skills (PIAAC). The data reveal significant age-related differences in proficiencies, strongly suggesting that proficiency tends to "naturally" decline with age. Age…
Descriptors: Adult Literacy, Surveys, Adults, Age Differences
Kankaraš, Miloš; Montt, Guillermo; Paccagnella, Marco; Quintini, Glenda; Thorn, William – OECD Publishing, 2016
In the wake of the technological revolution that began in the last decades of the 20th century, labour market demand for information-processing and other high-level cognitive and interpersonal skills is growing substantially. The "Survey of Adult Skills," a product of the OECD Programme for the International Assessment of Adult…
Descriptors: Adults, Surveys, International Assessment, Literacy
Chung, Ji Eun; Elliott, Stuart – OECD Publishing, 2015
The "OECD Skills Studies" series aims to provide a strategic approach to skills policies. It presents OECD internationally comparable indicators and policy analysis covering issues such as: quality of education and curricula; transitions from school to work; vocational education and training (VET); employment and unemployment; innovative…
Descriptors: Adults, Problem Solving, Computer Literacy, Computer Use
OECD Publishing, 2014
The Programme for International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC) will establish technical standards and guidelines to ensure that the survey design and implementation processes of PIAAC yield high-quality and internationally comparable data. This document provides a revised version of the technical standards and guidelines originally…
Descriptors: Adults, International Assessment, Adult Literacy, Competence
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Desjardins, Richard; Rubenson, Kjell – European Journal of Education, 2013
This article focuses on evidence regarding cross-national patterns of participation in adult education and an interpretation of these patterns from an institutional and public policy perspective. The interpretation follows from the perspective that sustaining high and widely distributed levels of investment in the development and maintenance of…
Descriptors: Adult Education, Public Policy, Educational Policy, Coordination
OECD Publishing, 2013
This first "OECD Skills Outlook" presents the initial results of the Survey of Adult Skills (PIAAC), which evaluates the skills of adults in 22 OECD member countries and two partner countries. The PIAAC survey was designed to provide insights into the availability of some key skills and how they are used at work and at home through the…
Descriptors: International Studies, Comparative Analysis, Comparative Education, Skill Analysis
OECD Publishing, 2013
The Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC) has been planned as an ongoing program of assessment. The first cycle of the assessment has involved two "rounds." The first round, which is covered by this report, took place over the period of January 2008-October 2013. The main features of the first cycle of…
Descriptors: International Assessment, Adults, Skills, Test Construction
Adamson, Peter; Micklewright, John; Schnepf, Sylke; Wright, Anna – UNICEF, 2003
This report represents the first ever attempt to draw a comparative picture of the physical abuse of children in the 27 richest nations of the world. UNICEF research estimates that almost 3,500 children under the age of 15 die from physical abuse and neglect every year in the industrialized world. The greatest risk is among younger children. A…
Descriptors: Child Abuse, Death, Developed Nations, Child Neglect