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Jacobs, Babs; Wolbers, Maarten H. J. – Educational Research and Evaluation, 2018
This article examines the extent to which parental socioeconomic status (SES) affects the likelihood of a child becoming a top-performing student, offering an international perspective by reporting this relationship in 31 developed countries. The impact of 3 important educational system characteristics (differentiation in terms of early tracking,…
Descriptors: Parent Background, Socioeconomic Status, Probability, Academic Achievement
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van Hek, Margriet; Kraaykamp, Gerbert; Wolbers, Maarten H. J. – Educational Research and Evaluation, 2016
Nowadays, women outperform men in educational attainment in many countries. Still, large variation between countries remains. Emancipatory contexts in which individuals are raised might explain these differences in male-female educational attainment, both over time and across countries. This study examines individual and contextual factors that…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Comparative Education, Gender Differences, Educational Attainment
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Dorling, Danny; Tomlinson, Sally – Journal for Critical Education Policy Studies, 2016
The old myth about the ability and variability of potential in children is a comforting myth, for those who are uneasy with the degree of inequality they see and would rather seek to justify it than confront it. The myth of inherent potential helps some explain to themselves why they are privileged. Extend the myth to believe in inherited ability…
Descriptors: Equal Education, Misconceptions, Ability, Academic Aptitude
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Castejón, Alba; Zancajo, Adrián – European Educational Research Journal, 2015
This article focuses on analysing the effect of educational differentiation policies of OECD educational systems on socioeconomically disadvantaged students, based on data from PISA 2009. The analysis is conducted on the basis of a definition of two subgroups of disadvantaged students: those that achieve high scores, and those obtaining scores…
Descriptors: Disadvantaged, Educational Policy, Educational Practices, Individualized Programs
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Dronkers, Jaap; Robert, Peter – Educational Policy, 2008
The gross differences in scholastic achievement among public, private government-dependent, and private independent schools in 22 countries are analyzed with Programme for International Student Assessment 2000 data. In a multilevel approach, the authors estimate these sector effects, controlling for sociological characteristics of students and…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Comparative Education, Educational Sociology, School Effectiveness