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Showing all 11 results Save | Export
Agasisti, Tommaso; Avvisati, Francesco; Borgonovi, Francesca; Longobardi, Sergio – OECD Publishing, 2018
Resilience refers to the capacity of individuals to prosper despite encountering adverse circumstances. This paper defines academic resilience as the ability of 15-year-old students from disadvantaged backgrounds to perform at a certain level in the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) in reading, mathematics and science that…
Descriptors: Educationally Disadvantaged, Resilience (Psychology), Academic Persistence, Academic Achievement
OECD Publishing, 2018
PISA 2015 data show that, on average across OECD countries, as many as three out of four students from the lowest quarter of socio-economic status reach, at best, only the baseline level of proficiency (Level 2) in reading, mathematics or science. While in Canada, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Hong Kong (China), Ireland, Japan, Korea, the…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Foreign Countries, International Assessment, Secondary School Students
Avvisati, Francesco – OECD Publishing, 2018
Teachers are the most important school resource. In every country, teachers' salaries and training represent the greatest share of expenditure on education; and this investment in teachers can have significant returns. Research shows that being taught by the best teachers can make a real difference in the learning and life outcomes of otherwise…
Descriptors: Experienced Teachers, Teacher Effectiveness, Foreign Countries, Achievement Tests
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Lindberg, Matti; Silvennoinen, Heikki – Comparative Education, 2018
This study compares the literacy and numeracy proficiencies of higher education (HE) degree holders in 21 OECD countries based on primary analysis of the national data sets collected via the OECD's Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC) 2012 study. The differences in the graduates' average literacy and numeracy…
Descriptors: Literacy, Numeracy, Basic Skills, International Assessment
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Jacobs, Babs; Wolbers, Maarten H. J. – Educational Research and Evaluation, 2018
This article examines the extent to which parental socioeconomic status (SES) affects the likelihood of a child becoming a top-performing student, offering an international perspective by reporting this relationship in 31 developed countries. The impact of 3 important educational system characteristics (differentiation in terms of early tracking,…
Descriptors: Parent Background, Socioeconomic Status, Probability, Academic Achievement
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Gorges, Julia; Koch, Tobias; Maehler, Débora B.; Offerhaus, Judith – Large-scale Assessments in Education, 2017
Background: Data from the Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC) revealed that countries systematically differ in their respondents' literacy, numeracy, and problem solving in technology-rich environments skills; skill levels also vary by gender, age, level of education or migration background. Similarly,…
Descriptors: International Assessment, Adults, Learning Motivation, Measures (Individuals)
Goldhammer, Frank; Martens, Thomas; Christoph, Gabriela; Lüdtke, Oliver – OECD Publishing, 2016
In this study, we investigated how empirical indicators of test-taking engagement can be defined, empirically validated, and used to describe group differences in the context of the Programme of International Assessment of Adult Competences (PIAAC). The approach was to distinguish between disengaged and engaged response behavior by means of…
Descriptors: International Assessment, Adults, Response Style (Tests), Reaction Time
Hanushek, Eric A.; Piopiunik, Marc; Wiederhold, Simon – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2014
Differences in teacher quality are commonly cited as a key determinant of the huge international student performance gaps. However, convincing evidence on this relationship is still lacking, in part because it is unclear how to measure teacher quality consistently across countries. We use unique international assessment data to investigate the…
Descriptors: Teacher Characteristics, Thinking Skills, Academic Achievement, Teacher Influence
Herman, Juliana; Post, Sasha; O'Halloran, Scott – Center for American Progress, 2013
Early childhood education and school readiness is essential to preparing children to succeed in an increasingly competitive global economy. Compared to other countries, however, the United States lags far behind on preschool, trailing a number of other countries in enrollment, investment, and quality. In February 2013, however, President Barack…
Descriptors: Early Childhood Education, School Readiness, Comparative Analysis, Preschool Education
OECD Publishing, 2013
The Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC) has been planned as an ongoing program of assessment. The first cycle of the assessment has involved two "rounds." The first round, which is covered by this report, took place over the period of January 2008-October 2013. The main features of the first cycle of…
Descriptors: International Assessment, Adults, Skills, Test Construction
Marchant, Gregory J.; Johnson, Jessica J. – Online Submission, 2012
This paper explores the PISA [Programme for International Student Assessment] achievement of twenty countries in light of some of their demographic differences. SES [student socioeconomic status], nuclear family, gender, home language, and native status were predictive of achievement for every country. Demographics accounted for as little as 8…
Descriptors: Demography, International Assessment, Comparative Education, Foreign Countries