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Leydesdorff, Loet; Etzkowitz, Henry; Kushnir, Duncan – Industry and Higher Education, 2016
Following a pause, with a relatively flat rate, from 1998 to 2008, the long-term trend of university patenting rising as a share of all patenting has resumed, driven by the internationalization of academic entrepreneurship and the persistence of US university technology transfer. The authors disaggregate this recent growth in university patenting…
Descriptors: Global Approach, Universities, Intellectual Property, Technology Transfer
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Clark, Jeremy Michael; Quast, Louis N.; Jang, Soebin; Wohkittel, Joseph; Center, Bruce; Edwards, Katherine; Bovornusvakool, Witsinee – European Journal of Training and Development, 2016
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to explore patterns of importance ratings of managerial competencies in 22 countries in different regions around the globe, to guide specificity in assessing and developing managers in multiple geographies. Additionally, this study examined the utility of clustering countries based on shared culture, as…
Descriptors: Administrator Characteristics, Competence, Management Development, Administrator Evaluation
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Bulle, Nathalie – Comparative Education, 2011
The PISA survey influences educational policies through an international competitive process which is not wholly rationally-oriented. Firstly, PISA league tables act normatively upon the definition of formal educational aims while the survey tests cannot evaluate the educational systems' relative strengths with regards to such aims. We argue that…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational Policy, Educational Assessment, Competition