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Özerk, Kamil – International Electronic Journal of Elementary Education, 2018
The prevalence of autism/autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has been increasing across the world. Previous studies in Norway reported, that the prevalence rate for 0-10-year-old children is 1 in 166, and in the case of 11-year-old children it is 1 in 125. Moreover, another nationwide study discovered that 1 in 192 males and 1 in 695 females between…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Incidence
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Hailemariam, Abebe – Journal of Education and Work, 2018
This article examines the long-run effect of higher education, measured in average years of tertiary schooling, on the level and growth rate of national per capita income. It uses an improved dataset on educational attainments which not only reduces measurement error but also overcomes data comparability issues and allows us to estimate the…
Descriptors: Outcomes of Education, Higher Education, Educational History, Human Capital
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Massing, Natascha; Gauly, Britta – Adult Education Quarterly: A Journal of Research and Theory, 2017
Lifelong learning is becoming increasingly important in today's societies. Individuals need to develop their skills through training in order to be successfully integrated in the labor market. We use data from the Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies to investigate gender differences in training across 12 countries. We…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Barriers, Foreign Countries, Lifelong Learning
Goldhammer, Frank; Martens, Thomas; Christoph, Gabriela; Lüdtke, Oliver – OECD Publishing, 2016
In this study, we investigated how empirical indicators of test-taking engagement can be defined, empirically validated, and used to describe group differences in the context of the Programme of International Assessment of Adult Competences (PIAAC). The approach was to distinguish between disengaged and engaged response behavior by means of…
Descriptors: International Assessment, Adults, Response Style (Tests), Reaction Time
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Özerk, Kamil – International Electronic Journal of Elementary Education, 2016
From a purely educationist perspective, gaining a deeper understanding of several aspects related to the prevalence of autism/ASD in a given population is of great value in planning and improving educational and psychological intervention for treatment, training, and teaching of children with this disorder. In this article, I present and discuss…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Incidence, Clinical Diagnosis
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van Hek, Margriet; Kraaykamp, Gerbert; Wolbers, Maarten H. J. – Educational Research and Evaluation, 2016
Nowadays, women outperform men in educational attainment in many countries. Still, large variation between countries remains. Emancipatory contexts in which individuals are raised might explain these differences in male-female educational attainment, both over time and across countries. This study examines individual and contextual factors that…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Comparative Education, Gender Differences, Educational Attainment
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Smith, Thomas J.; Rose, Amy D.; Ross-Gordon, Jovita M.; Smith, M. Cecil – AERA Online Paper Repository, 2016
The present study examined an international sample of adults from the Survey of Adult Skills administered by the Program for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC; Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, 2009) to assess (1) how specific individual and country-level characteristics predict adult readiness to…
Descriptors: Adults, Learning Readiness, Global Approach, Individual Characteristics
Marchant, Gregory J.; Johnson, Jessica J. – Online Submission, 2012
This paper explores the PISA [Programme for International Student Assessment] achievement of twenty countries in light of some of their demographic differences. SES [student socioeconomic status], nuclear family, gender, home language, and native status were predictive of achievement for every country. Demographics accounted for as little as 8…
Descriptors: Demography, International Assessment, Comparative Education, Foreign Countries