ERIC Number: EJ1195489
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018
Abstractor: As Provided
Inequality in Top Performance: An Examination of Cross-Country Variation in Excellence Gaps across Different Levels of Parental Socioeconomic Status
Jacobs, Babs; Wolbers, Maarten H. J.
Educational Research and Evaluation, v24 n1-2 p68-87 2018
This article examines the extent to which parental socioeconomic status (SES) affects the likelihood of a child becoming a top-performing student, offering an international perspective by reporting this relationship in 31 developed countries. The impact of 3 important educational system characteristics (differentiation in terms of early tracking, standardisation, and private schooling) on the relationship between parental SES and top performance was determined. We employed multilevel logistic regression models on data from the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) 2015 (N = 216,980) to reveal that children with low parental SES have a lower probability of becoming a top-performing student than those with high parental SES, although this association differs between countries. The negative relationship between a disadvantaged parental background and top performance was not affected by the educational system characteristics under investigation.
Descriptors: Parent Background, Socioeconomic Status, Probability, Academic Achievement, High Achievement, Achievement Gap, Developed Nations, Foreign Countries, Comparative Education, Disadvantaged, Reading Achievement, Mathematics Achievement, Achievement Tests, International Assessment, Secondary School Students
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Australia; Austria; Belgium; Canada; Czech Republic; Denmark; Finland; Germany; Greece; Hungary; Iceland; Ireland; Israel; Italy; Japan; South Korea; Latvia; Luxembourg; Netherlands; New Zealand; Norway; Poland; Portugal; Slovakia; Spain; Sweden; Switzerland; Turkey; United Kingdom; United States
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Program for International Student Assessment