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Cerna, Lucie – OECD Publishing, 2019
The recent refugee crisis has put many Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries under considerable pressure to accommodate and integrate large numbers of refugees. Refugee students are a particularly vulnerable group due to their forced displacement, but their needs are not always met by education systems, which can…
Descriptors: Refugees, Social Integration, Student Needs, Educational Policy
OECD Publishing, 2019
Many countries are struggling to reconcile greater flexibility in school choice with the need to ensure quality, equity and coherence in their school systems. This report provides an international perspective on issues related to school choice, especially how certain aspects of school-choice policies may be associated with sorting students into…
Descriptors: School Choice, Equal Education, School Segregation, Academic Achievement
Agasisti, Tommaso; Avvisati, Francesco; Borgonovi, Francesca; Longobardi, Sergio – OECD Publishing, 2018
Resilience refers to the capacity of individuals to prosper despite encountering adverse circumstances. This paper defines academic resilience as the ability of 15-year-old students from disadvantaged backgrounds to perform at a certain level in the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) in reading, mathematics and science that…
Descriptors: Educationally Disadvantaged, Resilience (Psychology), Academic Persistence, Academic Achievement
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Frantz, Roger S.; McClarty, Katie Larsen – Gifted and Talented International, 2016
Educational policies and practices are influenced by cultural, political, and economic factors, and this is also true of specialized educational approaches such as gifted education. Factors such as a country's cultural tendency toward egalitarianism or meritocracy, whether the political system is centralized or decentralized, and the degree to…
Descriptors: Gifted, Special Education, Cultural Influences, Economic Factors
Musset, Pauline – OECD Publishing (NJ1), 2012
This literature review on school choice analyses the impact of choice schemes on students and on school systems focusing on equity. Reviewing the evidence can be difficult, as the literature is often fragmented and inconclusive, and the political importance of this research often results in high-profile attention given to individual studies rather…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, School Choice, Educational Research, Educational Policy
Schutz, Gabriela; West, Martin R.; Wobmann, Ludger – OECD Publishing (NJ1), 2007
School systems aspire to provide equal opportunity for all, irrespective of socio-economic status (SES). Much of the criticism of recent school reforms that introduce accountability, autonomy, and choice emphasizes their potentially negative consequences for equity. This report provides new evidence on how national features of accountability,…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Exit Examinations, Foreign Countries, Accountability
Arbo, Peter; Benneworth, Paul – OECD Publishing (NJ1), 2007
The contribution of higher education institutions to regional development is a theme that has attracted growing attention in recent years. Knowledge institutions are increasingly expected not only to conduct education and research, but also to play an active role in the economic, social and cultural development of their regions. The extent to…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Institutional Administration, Foreign Countries, Institutional Characteristics