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Orfield, Gary – Educational Researcher, 2013
Good research does not mean good policy, but policy or legal conclusions that rely on false assumptions are certain to be bad. When the rights of U.S. students of color are at stake, the Supreme Courts need the best research findings the country can offer. The U.S. Constitution contains sweeping and undefined terms. Reaching a conclusion about the…
Descriptors: Affirmative Action, Civil Rights, Court Litigation, Courts
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Malcom, Shirley M.; Malcom-Piqueux, Lindsey E. – Educational Researcher, 2013
Numerous legal scholars and social scientists have highlighted the ways in which research has informed judicial decision making. Because, in part, of convincing empirical research presented in several landmark cases (e.g., "Grutter v. Bollinger," 2003; "Parents Involved in Community Schools v. Seattle School District No. 1,"…
Descriptors: Affirmative Action, Race, Social Scientists, STEM Education
Gandara, Patricia; Orfield, Gary – Diverse: Issues in Higher Education, 2010
In education, reform tends to follow cycles, often bouncing from one extreme to another without considering the possibility of incorporating multiple perspectives simultaneously. Policies aimed at helping more underrepresented students enter college and complete degrees have bounced from one pole to another, embracing access as the primary goal…
Descriptors: Publicity, Educational Attainment, Youth, Higher Education
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Weber, Jerome C.; Pope, Myron L.; Simpson, Michael W. – College and University, 2005
The United States Supreme Court has had a significant role in the exploration and definition of affirmative action in this country. No more so than in the recent decisions related to the University of Michigan admissions cases. This article will explore the historical role of the U.S. Supreme Court and the decisions that this entity has made in…
Descriptors: Affirmative Action, United States History, Court Litigation, Higher Education