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Borgonovi, Francesca; Pokropek, Artur – OECD Publishing, 2017
The paper examines between-country differences in the mechanisms through which education could promote generalised trust using data from 29 countries participating in the OECD's Survey of Adult Skills (PIAAC). Results indicate that education is strongly associated with generalised trust and that a large part of this association is mediated by…
Descriptors: Trust (Psychology), International Assessment, Educational Attainment, Literacy
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Hampf, Franziska; Wiederhold, Simon; Woessmann, Ludger – Large-scale Assessments in Education, 2017
Ample evidence indicates that a person's human capital is important for success on the labor market in terms of both wages and employment prospects. However, unlike the efforts to identify the impact of school attainment on labor-market outcomes, the literature on returns to cognitive skills has not yet provided convincing evidence that the…
Descriptors: Outcomes of Education, Human Capital, Labor Market, Income
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Rosén, Monica; Gustafsson, Jan-Eric – Large-scale Assessments in Education, 2016
Research on effects of home computer use on children's development of cognitive abilities and skills has yielded conflicting results, with some studies showing positive effects, others no effects, and yet others negative effects. These studies have typically used non-experimental designs and one of the main reasons for the conflicting results is…
Descriptors: Measurement, International Assessment, Grade 4, Longitudinal Studies
OECD Publishing, 2014
The Programme for International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC) will establish technical standards and guidelines to ensure that the survey design and implementation processes of PIAAC yield high-quality and internationally comparable data. This document provides a revised version of the technical standards and guidelines originally…
Descriptors: Adults, International Assessment, Adult Literacy, Competence