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Dickie, John; McDonald, Geraldine – Literacy, 2011
Samoan school children living in New Zealand were given disposable cameras and asked to photograph examples of the uses of reading and writing outside the school. Interviewed later, they explained their photographs including information about literacy in church and family. Rote learning and oral presentation of biblical texts that were read and…
Descriptors: Photography, Literacy, Rote Learning, Foreign Countries
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Higgins, Joanna; McDonald, Geraldine – Cultural Studies of Science Education, 2008
In response to Stetsenko's [2008, "Cultural Studies of Science Education," 3] call for a more unified approach in sociocultural perspectives, this paper traces the origins of the use of sociocultural ideas in New Zealand from the 1970s to the present. Of those New Zealanders working from a sociocultural perspective who responded to our…
Descriptors: Sociocultural Patterns, Foreign Countries, Science Education, Concept Formation
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McDonald, Geraldine; Le, Huong; Higgins, Joanna; Podmore, Valerie – Mind, Culture, and Activity, 2005
Although schools contain many material artifacts, studies in classrooms have tended to focus on discourse and quality of social interaction even when artifacts are being used. Responding to Engstrom's (1999) invitation to take artifacts seriously, three studies are described in which a material object was essential to a classroom activity. The…
Descriptors: Interpersonal Relationship, Interaction, English (Second Language), Second Language Instruction
McDonald, Geraldine – Compare, 2001
Discusses children's age and academic performance within the school year. Reveals early differences show disadvantage among the youngest in the year groups. Attributes this difference to biology or individual psychology. Argues there is no explanation for why the youngest are disadvantaged in some countries but not in others. (CAJ)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Age, Age Grade Placement, Biology
McDonald, Geraldine – 1987
This booklet contains an outline of, and recommendations based on, a study of 128 New Zealand children in special groups mainstreamed into kindergartens and play groups. Research goals were to explore how mainstreaming had been implemented, whether special group children were profiting from the environment's educational opportunities, and whether…
Descriptors: Disabilities, Foreign Countries, Mainstreaming, Mother Attitudes
McDonald, Geraldine – 1987
This study describes the development of a Learning Event Checklist and a running record of children's behavior to help in assessing and mainstreaming children with disabilities. The sample consisted of 138 children between the ages of 2 and 6 years, mostly males, in special education preschool programs. The running record was designed to assess…
Descriptors: Check Lists, Classroom Observation Techniques, Disabilities, Evaluation Methods
McDonald, Geraldine – 1987
This booklet explains the aims and practices of teachers of mainstreamed children with disabilities in 39 New Zealand preschools. Using data obtained from interviews, the report tells how these teachers saw their role, how they planned their programs, and how they organized activities for the children. It also describes their attitudes to, and…
Descriptors: Classroom Techniques, Disabilities, Foreign Countries, Mainstreaming
McDonald, Geraldine – 1988
In this study an observation schedule was developed and used to compare activities and behavior of 77 New Zealand children with disabilities who had been mainstreamed into special groups within preschools and play centers and 77 non-disabled peers. The development of the schedule is described, results are given, and advice is offered to…
Descriptors: Classroom Observation Techniques, Disabilities, Evaluation Methods, Foreign Countries
McDonald, Geraldine; And Others – 1991
As part of a longitudinal examination of the New Zealand junior school (which provides the first 3 years of schooling to New Zealand pupils), a study of organizational patterns in a random selection of schools and of children's school experiences was conducted. Class activities in a sample of junior school classrooms located in seven state…
Descriptors: Class Activities, Classroom Environment, Elementary School Curriculum, Elementary School Students
McDonald, Geraldine; And Others – 1989
Using information gathered through a study funded by the New Zealand Minister of Education, this document examines the history and implementation of the New Zealand government's 1:20 teacher-pupil ratio policy first set in motion in 1985, pupil progress associated with the policy, and related literature about class size. The following papers, each…
Descriptors: Class Organization, Class Size, Educational Policy, Elementary Education
McDonald, Geraldine; And Others – 1989
The Fulbright Program in New Zealand funds educational and cultural exchanges with the United States. The program is jointly financed and managed by the two signatory governments. The program is the principal means of academic and technological scholarly exchanges between the two countries. Programs include travel grants to graduate students…
Descriptors: Cultural Exchange, Educational History, Exchange Programs, Foreign Countries
McDonald, Geraldine – 1976
A brief historical account of developments in early childhood education in New Zealand is presented as background for a discussion of current research in this area. Five main sources of research in New Zealand, each with a special research style and field of interest are cited: (1) the universities, (2) the Department of Education, (3) women's…
Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Cultural Differences, Day Care Centers, Early Childhood Education
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McDonald, Geraldine – Oxford Review of Education, 1998
Discusses the reasons for the rise in IQ scores over time. Demonstrates the effect of the decrease in age at levels of schooling on the rise in IQ scores utilizing the data from the 1936 and 1968 standardization of the Otis Intermediate Test of Mental Ability, Form A, in New Zealand. (CMK)
Descriptors: Age Grade Placement, Child Development, Cognitive Ability, Educational Change
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McDonald, Geraldine; Podmore, Valerie N. – Early Child Development and Care, 1988
Discusses the history of the New Zealand Council for Educational Research and the functions and research projects of its Early Childhood Unit. Discusses the relationship between research and practice in early child development and education within the context of the council's early childhood work. (RJC)
Descriptors: Child Development, Day Care, Early Childhood Education, Foreign Countries
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McDonald, Geraldine – 1976
Differing attitudes of researchers and preschool teachers towards research in early childhood are discussed in this paper. These differences are seen as arising from causes such as the special training of each group and the nature of the work they do, the distribution of the sexes in each group and the social institutions which back them. The…
Descriptors: Early Childhood Education, Educational Attitudes, Educational Objectives, Educational Practices
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